Original Paper

Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 844-853

First online:

Is Maternal Fatigue Mediating the Relationship Between Maternal Depression and Child Outcomes?

  • Carmel Parker WhiteAffiliated withDepartment of Child Development and Family Relations, East Carolina University Email author 
  • , Kathleen KingAffiliated withClinical Psychology Doctoral Program, Seattle Pacific University

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Fatigue, a subjective state that has been defined as a decreased capacity for physical or mental activity, has many behavioral similarities to depression (e.g., weariness, difficulty concentrating, diminished motivation). We hypothesized that fatigue might mediate the relationship between depression and poor child outcomes. A sample of mothers (14 well women, 57 with multiple sclerosis, and 36 with rheumatoid arthritis) completed an online survey where they reported on their fatigue (using the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale), depression (using the 20-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), child internalizing and externalizing behaviors (using the Child Behavior Checklist), and child prosocial behaviors (using a 10-item abbreviated Positive Behavior Scale). Maternal fatigue mediated the relationship between maternal depression and the total problems T-score on the Child Behavior Checklist but a mediated relationship was not found for the Positive Behavior Scale. Findings are discussed in light of the need to elucidate the relationship between maternal fatigue, depression, and child outcomes.


Child externalizing problems Child internalizing problems Maternal depression Maternal fatigue Prosocial behavior