Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 589–615

Landscape Construction and Long-Term Economic Practices: an Example from the Spanish Mediterranean Uplands Through Rock Art Archaeology

  • María Cruz Berrocal
  • María Sebastián López
  • Antonio Uriarte González
  • Jose Antonio López-Sáez
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10816-012-9157-0

Cite this article as:
Cruz Berrocal, M., Sebastián López, M., Uriarte González, A. et al. J Archaeol Method Theory (2014) 21: 589. doi:10.1007/s10816-012-9157-0

Abstract

We argue in this paper that Levantine rock art in the Spanish Mediterranean basin allows us to ‘map’ the economic landscape of its makers. Rock art would be the ‘monumental’ side of a dual process of landscape construction: on the one hand, rock art is the first ‘cultural’ action on the landscape beginning in the Early Neolithic; on the other hand, the first evidence of active modification of the Mediterranean vegetation comes from this period. But this evidence as well as other kinds of archaeological remains are still relatively scarce in the uplands; rock art is therefore the most complete type of evidence we can use to support an early use of the Mediterranean upland environment. We use statistical and geographical analysis, together with archaeological, ethnohistorical, and ethnographic sources and pollen data, in order to support the idea of early use and exploitation of the Mediterranean uplands since the Neolithic, and into contemporary times.

Keywords

Mediterranean landscape Neolithic Rock art Economic resources 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Cruz Berrocal
    • 1
  • María Sebastián López
    • 1
  • Antonio Uriarte González
    • 1
  • Jose Antonio López-Sáez
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of History, Center for the Social Sciences and Humanities (CCHS)High Council for Scientific Research (CSIC)MadridSpain