Journal of Academic Ethics

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 87–106

Cultural Values and Volunteering: A Cross-cultural Comparison of Students’ Motivation to Volunteer in 13 Countries


    • Department of Practical TheologyUniversity of Helsinki
  • Kirsten Holmes
    • Curtin University
  • Chulhee Kang
    • Yonsei University
  • Ram A. Cnaan
    • University of Pennsylvania
  • Femida Handy
    • University of Pennsylvania
  • Jeffrey L. Brudney
    • Cleveland State University
  • Debbie Haski-Leventhal
    • Centre for Social Impact, Australian School of Business, University of NSW
  • Lesley Hustinx
    • Ghent University
  • Meenaz Kassam
    • American University of Sharjah
  • Lucas C. P. M. Meijs
    • Rotterdam School of ManagementErasmus University
  • Anne Birgitta Pessi
    • Helsinki Collegium of Advanced Studies
  • Bhangyashree Ranade
    • Marketing & Market Research Consultants
  • Karen A. Smith
    • Victoria University Wellington
  • Naoto Yamauchi
    • Osaka School of International Public PolicyOsaka University
  • Siniša Zrinščak
    • Faculty of Law, Department for Social WorkUniversity of Zagreb

DOI: 10.1007/s10805-011-9131-6

Cite this article as:
Grönlund, H., Holmes, K., Kang, C. et al. J Acad Ethics (2011) 9: 87. doi:10.1007/s10805-011-9131-6


Voluntary participation is connected to cultural, political, religious and social contexts. Social and societal factors can provide opportunities, expectations and requirements for voluntary activity, as well as influence the values and norms promoting this. These contexts are especially central in the case of voluntary participation among students as they are often responding to the societal demands for building a career and qualifying for future assignments and/or government requirements for completing community service. This article questions how cultural values affect attitudes towards volunteerism, using data from an empirical research project on student volunteering activity in 13 countries in North America, Europe, the Middle East, and the Asia Pacific region. The findings indicate that there are differences in motivation between countries which represent different cultural values. This article sets these findings in context by comparing structural and cultural factors which may influence volunteerism within each country.


Volunteer motivationCultural valuesStudentsCross-cultural comparisons

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011