Original Paper

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 487-494

Use of Vocational Rehabilitative Services Among Adults with Autism

  • Lindsay LawerAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research, University of Pennsylvania School of MedicineCenter for Autism Research, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
  • , Eugene BrusilovskiyAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • , Mark S. SalzerAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • , David S. MandellAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research, University of Pennsylvania School of MedicineCenter for Autism Research, The Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaDepartment of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Email author 

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Abstract

This study examined the experiences of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in the US Vocational Rehabilitation System (VRS). Subjects included all 382,221 adults ages 18–65 served by this system whose cases were closed in 2005; 1,707 were diagnosed with ASD. Adults with ASD were more likely than adults with other impairments to be denied services because they were considered too severely disabled. Among those served, adults with ASD received the most expensive set of services. They and adults with MR were most likely to be competitively employed at case closure. Post hoc analyses suggest that their employment was highly associated with on-the-job supports. The results suggest the importance of the VRS in serving adults with ASD.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorders Vocational services Rehabilitation services Employment Adults