Does Nutritional Intake Differ Between Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Children with Typical Development?
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- Herndon, A.C., DiGuiseppi, C., Johnson, S.L. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2009) 39: 212. doi:10.1007/s10803-008-0606-2
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Consumption of macro- and micronutrients and food group servings by children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs; n = 46) and typical development (n = 31) were compared using 3-day diet records. Children with ASDs consumed significantly more vitamin B6 and E and non-dairy protein servings, less calcium, and fewer dairy servings (p < .05). The significantly lower dairy serving intake persisted after controlling for child age and sex and parental dietary restrictions, and excluding children on the gluten-free casein-free (GFCF) diet. Large proportions of children in both groups did not meet national recommendations for daily intake of fiber, calcium, iron, vitamin E, and vitamin D.