Does Nutritional Intake Differ Between Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Children with Typical Development?
- Alison C. HerndonAffiliated withUniversity of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine
- , Carolyn DiGuiseppiAffiliated withColorado School of Public Health, UCD
- , Susan L. JohnsonAffiliated withUniversity of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine
- , Jenn LeifermanAffiliated withColorado School of Public Health, UCD
- , Ann ReynoldsAffiliated withUniversity of Colorado Denver, School of MedicineThe Children’s Hospital Email author
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Consumption of macro- and micronutrients and food group servings by children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs; n = 46) and typical development (n = 31) were compared using 3-day diet records. Children with ASDs consumed significantly more vitamin B6 and E and non-dairy protein servings, less calcium, and fewer dairy servings (p < .05). The significantly lower dairy serving intake persisted after controlling for child age and sex and parental dietary restrictions, and excluding children on the gluten-free casein-free (GFCF) diet. Large proportions of children in both groups did not meet national recommendations for daily intake of fiber, calcium, iron, vitamin E, and vitamin D.
KeywordsAutism Dietary intake Children
- Does Nutritional Intake Differ Between Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Children with Typical Development?
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume 39, Issue 2 , pp 212-222
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- Springer US
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- Dietary intake
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- Author Affiliations
- 1. University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine, 13120 East 19th Avenue, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA
- 2. Colorado School of Public Health, UCD, 4200 East 9th Avenue, Campus Box B119, Denver, CO, 80262, USA
- 3. The Children’s Hospital, B-140, 13123 East 16th Avenue, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA