Original Paper

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 212-222

Does Nutritional Intake Differ Between Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Children with Typical Development?

  • Alison C. HerndonAffiliated withUniversity of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine
  • , Carolyn DiGuiseppiAffiliated withColorado School of Public Health, UCD
  • , Susan L. JohnsonAffiliated withUniversity of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine
  • , Jenn LeifermanAffiliated withColorado School of Public Health, UCD
  • , Ann ReynoldsAffiliated withUniversity of Colorado Denver, School of MedicineThe Children’s Hospital Email author 

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Abstract

Consumption of macro- and micronutrients and food group servings by children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs; n = 46) and typical development (n = 31) were compared using 3-day diet records. Children with ASDs consumed significantly more vitamin B6 and E and non-dairy protein servings, less calcium, and fewer dairy servings (p < .05). The significantly lower dairy serving intake persisted after controlling for child age and sex and parental dietary restrictions, and excluding children on the gluten-free casein-free (GFCF) diet. Large proportions of children in both groups did not meet national recommendations for daily intake of fiber, calcium, iron, vitamin E, and vitamin D.

Keywords

Autism Dietary intake Children