Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 425–436

Differentiating between Autism Spectrum Disorders and Other Developmental Disabilities in Children Who Failed a Screening Instrument for ASD

Authors

    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
  • Jamie Kleinman
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
  • Juhi Pandey
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
  • Leandra Wilson
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
  • Emma Esser
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
  • Hilary Boorstein
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
  • Thyde Dumont-Mathieu
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
  • Gail Marshia
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
  • Marianne Barton
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
  • Sarah Hodgson
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
  • James Green
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
  • Fred Volkmar
    • Yale University Child Study Center
  • Katarzyna Chawarska
    • Yale University Child Study Center
  • Tammy Babitz
    • Yale University Child Study Center
  • Diana Robins
    • Georgia State University
  • Deborah Fein
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Connecticut
Original paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-006-0177-z

Cite this article as:
Ventola, P., Kleinman, J., Pandey, J. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2007) 37: 425. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0177-z

Abstract

This study compared behavioral presentation of toddlers with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and toddlers with global developmental delay (DD) or developmental language disorder (DLD) who display some characteristics of ASD using the diagnostic algorithm items from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Generic (ADOS), the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), and Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT). To date, 195 children have failed the M-CHAT and have been diagnosed with ASD, DD or DLD. Children with ASD had prominent and consistent impairments in socialization skills, especially joint attention skills and were more impaired in some aspects of communication, play, and sensory processing. Children with ASD and children with DD/DLD shared common features, but certain behavioral markers differentiated the two groups.

Keywords

AutismEarly detectionGlobal developmental delayDevelopmental language disorder

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006