Date: 25 Oct 2013
Paralimbic Gray Matter Reductions in Incarcerated Adolescent Females with Psychopathic Traits
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Psychopathy-related paralimbic and limbic structural brain abnormalities have been implicated in incarcerated adult and adolescent male samples. However, there have been few neuroimaging studies of psychopathic traits in females in general and no studies from incarcerated female youth in particular. Here we present the first study to examine the relationship between brain gray matter volumes and psychopathic traits (assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist-Youth Version [PCL-YV]) in a sample of maximum-security incarcerated female adolescents (N = 39; mean age = 17.6 years). Consistent with male samples, regional gray matter volumes were negatively related to psychopathic traits in female youth offenders in limbic and paralimbic areas, including orbitofrontal cortex, parahippocampal cortex, temporal poles, and left hippocampus. These results provide evidence that psychopathic traits manifest similar neural abnormalities across sex and age.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association Press.
Anderson, D. (1999). The aggregate burden of crime. Journal of Law and Economics, 42, 611–642.CrossRef
Buchel, C., Dolan, R. J., Armony, J. L., & Friston, K. J. (1999). Amygdala-hippocampal involvement in human aversive trace conditioning revealed through event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Neuroscience, 19, 10869–10876.PubMed
Caldwell, M., Skeem, J., Salekin, R., & Van Rybroek, G. (2006a). Treatment response of adolescent offenders with psychopathy features. Criminal Justice & Behavior, 33, 571–596.CrossRef
Caldwell, M. F., Vitacco, M., & Van Rybroek, G. J. (2006b). Are violent delinquents worth treating? A cost-benefit analysis. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 43, 148–168.CrossRef
Cleckley, H. (1976). The mask of sanity (5th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.
Cohen, M. A., Miller, T., & Rossman, S. (1994). The costs and consequences of violent behavior in the United States. In A. J. Reiss Jr. & J. A. Roth (Eds.), Understanding and preventing violence, Volume 4: Consequences and control (pp. 216–315). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Ermer, E., Cope, L. M., Nyalakanti, P. K., Calhoun, V. D., & Kiehl, K. A. (2013). Aberrant paralimbic gray matter in incarcerated male adolescents with psychopathic traits. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 52, 94–103.CrossRef
Federal Bureau of Investigation. (1996). Uniform Crime Report. Washington, DC: GPO.
Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2010). Uniform Crime Report. Washington, DC: GPO.
Forth, A. E., Kosson, D. S., & Hare, R. D. (2003). The psychopathy checklist: Youth version. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Hare, R. D. (1991). Manual for the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Hare, R. D. (2003). Manual for the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (2nd ed.). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Harpur, T. J., Hare, R. D., & Hakstian, A. R. (1989). Two factor conceptualization of psychopathy. Psychological Assessment, 1, 6–17.CrossRef
Hemphill, J. F., Hare, R. D., & Wong, S. (1998). Psychopathy and recidivism. Legal Criminological Psychology, 3, 139–170.CrossRef
Kaufman, J., Birmaher, B., Brent, D., Rao, U., Flynn, C., & Moreci, P. (1997). Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL): Initial reliability and validity data. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 980–988.PubMedCrossRef
Lahey, B. B., & Kazdin, A. E. (1990). Advances in clinical child psychology. New York: Plenum Press.CrossRef
Muller, J. L., Sommer, M., Wagner, V., Lange, K., Taschler, H., & Roder, C. H. (2003). Abnormalities in emotion processing within cortical and subcortical regions in criminal psychopaths: evidence from a functional magnetic resonance imaging study using pictures with emotional content. Biological Psychiatry, 542, 152–162.CrossRef
Puzzanchera, C., Adams, B., & Sickmund, M. (2011). Juvenile court statistics 2008. Pittsburgh: National Center for Juvenile Justice.
Sattler, J. M., & Dumont, R. (2004). Assessment of children: WISC-IV and WPPSIIII supplement. San Diego: Sattler Publishing Company.
Veit, R., Flor, H., Erb, M., Hermann, C., Lotze, M., Grodd, W., & Birbaumer, N. (2002). Brain circuits involved in emotional learning in antisocial behavior and social phobia in humans. Neuroscience Letters, 328, 233–236.
Ward, D.B. (2000). Simultaneous inference for fMRI data. Milwaukee, WI: Author
Wechsler, D. (1997). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. New York: Psychological Corporation.
Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechlser Intelligence Scale for Children—Fourth Edition. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation.
- Paralimbic Gray Matter Reductions in Incarcerated Adolescent Females with Psychopathic Traits
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume 42, Issue 4 , pp 659-668
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Voxel-based morphometry (VBM)
- Psychopathic traits
- Adolescent females
- Paralimbic structures
- Psychopathy Checklist-Youth Version (PCL-YV)
- Incarcerated offenders
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA
- 2. The Mind Research Network and Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM, USA
- 5. Addiction Research Center and Department of Psychiatry, The University of Michigan, 4250 Plymouth Rd., Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA
- 3. Derner Institute Psychology Department, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY, USA
- 4. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA