Article

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 38, Issue 8, pp 1097-1107

Dimensions and Correlates of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Sluggish Cognitive Tempo

  • Annie A. GarnerAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Alabama at BirminghamUAB Department of Psychology Email author 
  • , Janice C. MarceauxAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • , Sylvie MrugAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • , Cryshelle PattersonAffiliated withCivitan International Research Center Sparks Clinics, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • , Bart HodgensAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Alabama at BirminghamCivitan International Research Center Sparks Clinics, University of Alabama at Birmingham

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Abstract

The present study examined Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) in relation to ADHD symptoms, clinical diagnosis, and multiple aspects of adjustment in a clinical sample. Parent and teacher reports were gathered for 322 children and adolescents evaluated for behavioral, emotional, and/or learning problems at a university clinic. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) supported the presence of three separate, but correlated factors (SCT, inattention, and hyperactivity/impulsivity) in both parent and teacher ratings. As expected, SCT symptoms were greatest in youth with ADHD Inattentive type, but were also found in non-ADHD clinical groups. SCT symptoms were related to inattention, internalizing, and social problems across both parent and teacher informants; for parent reports, SCT was also related to more externalizing problems. Findings support the statistical validity of the SCT construct, but its clinical utility is still unclear.

Keywords

Sluggish cognitive tempo Factor analysis Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder Clinical population