Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 38, Issue 7, pp 985–994

Feasibility and Preliminary Outcomes of a School-Based Mindfulness Intervention for Urban Youth

Authors

    • Department of Mental HealthJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
  • Mark T. Greenberg
    • Prevention Research CenterPennsylvania State University
  • Jacinda K. Dariotis
    • Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive HealthJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
  • Laura Feagans Gould
    • Academy for Educational Development
  • Brittany L. Rhoades
    • Prevention Research CenterPennsylvania State University
  • Philip J. Leaf
    • Department of Mental HealthJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10802-010-9418-x

Cite this article as:
Mendelson, T., Greenberg, M.T., Dariotis, J.K. et al. J Abnorm Child Psychol (2010) 38: 985. doi:10.1007/s10802-010-9418-x

Abstract

Youth in underserved, urban communities are at risk for a range of negative outcomes related to stress, including social-emotional difficulties, behavior problems, and poor academic performance. Mindfulness-based approaches may improve adjustment among chronically stressed and disadvantaged youth by enhancing self-regulatory capacities. This paper reports findings from a pilot randomized controlled trial assessing the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary outcomes of a school-based mindfulness and yoga intervention. Four urban public schools were randomized to an intervention or wait-list control condition (n = 97 fourth and fifth graders, 60.8% female). It was hypothesized that the 12-week intervention would reduce involuntary stress responses and improve mental health outcomes and social adjustment. Stress responses, depressive symptoms, and peer relations were assessed at baseline and post-intervention. Findings suggest the intervention was attractive to students, teachers, and school administrators and that it had a positive impact on problematic responses to stress including rumination, intrusive thoughts, and emotional arousal.

Keywords

MindfulnessYogaPreventionSchool-based interventionChronic stress

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010