Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 1063–1073

Scholastic Attainment Following Severe Early Institutional Deprivation: A Study of Children Adopted from Romania

Authors

    • MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College London
  • Barbara Maughan
    • MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College London
  • Michael Rutter
    • MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College London
  • Jenny Castle
    • MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College London
  • Emma Colvert
    • MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College London
  • Christine Groothues
    • MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College London
  • Amanda Hawkins
    • MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College London
  • Jana Kreppner
    • MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College London
  • Thomas G. O’Connor
    • Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Rochester Medical Center
  • Suzanne Stevens
    • MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College London
    • Developmental Brain-Behaviour Unit, School of PsychologyUniversity of Southampton
  • Edmund J. S. Sonuga-Barke
    • MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College London
    • Developmental Brain-Behaviour Unit, School of PsychologyUniversity of Southampton
    • Child Study CenterNew York University
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10802-007-9155-y

Cite this article as:
Beckett, C., Maughan, B., Rutter, M. et al. J Abnorm Child Psychol (2007) 35: 1063. doi:10.1007/s10802-007-9155-y

Abstract

The relationship between severe early institutional deprivation and scholastic attainment at age 11 in 127 children (68 girls and 59 boys) adopted from institutions in Romania was compared to the attainment of 49 children (17 girls and 32 boys) adopted within the UK from a non-institutional background. Overall, children adopted from Romania had significantly lower attainment scores than those adopted within the UK; the children within the Romanian sample who had spent 6 months or more in an institution had significantly lower attainment scores than those who had spent less than 6 months in an institution, but there was no additional risk of low attainment associated with longer institutional care after 6 months. The lower scholastic attainment in the children adopted from Romanian institutions, as compared with domestic adoptees, was mediated by IQ, and to a lesser degree, inattention/overactivity. When these factors were taken into account, only small between-group differences in attainment remained.

Keywords

Attainment Inattention/overactivity Deprivation Cognitive abilities

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007