Alessandri, S. M., Lewis, M. (1996). Differences in pride and shame in maltreated and nonmaltreated preschoolers. Child Development, 67
Alpern, L., Lyons-Ruth, K. (1993). Preschool children at social risk: Chronicity and timing of maternal depressive symptoms and child behavior at school and at home. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 371–387.
American Psychiatric Association (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (Third edition-revised): DSM-III-R. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Arbuckle, J. L., & Wothke, W. (1999). Amos 4.0 user’s guide. Chicago, IL: Small Waters.
Ashman, S. B., Dawson, G., Panagiotides, H., Yamada, E., Wilkinson, C. W. (2002). Stress hormone level of children of depressed mothers. Development and Psychopatology, 14
Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51
Beardslee, W. R., Bemporad, J., Keller, M. D., & Klerman, G. L. (1983). Children of parents with major affective disorder: A review. American Journal of Psychiatry, 140
Bell, M. A., & Wolfe, C. D. (2004). Emotion and cognition: An intricately bound developmental process. Child Development, 75
Bergman, L. R., & Magnusson, D. (1997). A person-oriented approach in research on developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 9
Brody, G. H., Kim, S., Murry, V. Mc., & Brown, A. C. (2004). Protective longitudinal paths linking child competence to behavioral problems among African-American siblings. Child Development, 75
Campbell, S. B., Cohn, J. F., & Meyers, T. (1995). Depression in first-time mothers: Mother–infant interaction and depression chronicity. Developmental Psychology, 31
Campbell, S. B., Brownell, C. A., Hungerford, A., Spieker, S. J., Mohan, R., & Blessing, J. S. (2004). The course of maternal depressive symptoms and maternal sensitivity as predictors of attachment security at 36 months. Development and Psychopathology, 16
Carter, A. S., Garrity-Rokous, F. E., Chazan-Cohen, R., Little, C., & Briggs-Gowan, M. J. (2001). Maternal depression and comorbidity: Predicting early parenting, attachment security, and toddler social–emotional problems and competencies. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40
Cicchetti, D. (1990). The organization and coherence of socioemotional, cognitive, and representational development: Illustrations through a developmental psychopathology perspective on Down’s syndrome and child maltreatment. In R. Thompson (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Socioemotional development Vol. 36. (pp. 259–366). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Cicchetti, D., & Curtis, W. J. (2006). The developing brain and neural plasticity: Implications for normality, psychopathology, and resilience. In D. Cicchetti & D. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental Psychopathology: Developmental Neuroscience (2nd ed., Vol. 2). New York: Wiley.
Cicchetti, D., Ganiban, J., & Barnett, D. (1991). Contributions from the study of high-risk populations to understanding the development of emotion regulation. In J. Garber & K. Dodge (Eds.), The development of emotion regulation and dysregulation (pp. 15–48). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cicchetti, D., Rogosch, F. A. (1996). Equifinality and multifinality in developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 597–600.
Cicchetti, D., Rogosch, F. A., & Toth, S. L. (1998). Maternal depressive disorder and contextual risk: Contributions to the development of attachment insecurity and behavior problems in toddlerhood. Development and Psychopathology, 10
Cicchetti, D. & Schneider-Rosen, K. (1984). Theoretical and empirical considerations in the investigation of the relationship between affect and cognition in atypical populations of infants: Contributions to the formulation of an integrative theory of development. In C. Izard, J. Kagan & R. Zajonc (Eds.), Emotions, cognition, and behavior (pp. 366–406). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cicchetti, D., Schneider-Rosen, K. (1986). An organizational approach to childhood depression. In M. Rutter, C. Izard, P. Read (Eds.), Depression in young people: Clinical and developmental perspectives (pp. 71–134). New York: Guilford.
Cicchetti, D., Toth, S. L. (1995). Developmental psychopathology and disorders of affect. In D. Cicchetti, D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Risk, disorder, and adaptation, Vol. 2 (pp. 369–420). New York: Wiley-Interscience.
Cogill, S. R., Caplan, H. L., Alexandra, H., Robson, K., & Kumar, R. (1986). Impact of maternal postnatal depression on cognitive development of young children. British Medical Journal, 292
Cohen, J, Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2002). Applied Multiple Regression: Correlation Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Cohn, J. F., Campbell, S., Matias, R., & Hopkins, J. (1990). Face-to-face interactions of postpartum depressed and nondepressed mother-infant pairs. Developmental Psychology, 26
Cole, P. M., Martin, S. E., Dennis, T. A. (2004). Emotion regulation as a scientific construct: Methodological challenges and directions for child development research. Child Development, 75
Cole, P. M., Michel, M. K., & Teti, L. O. (1994). The development of emotion regulation and dysregulation: A clinical perspective. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59
(2–3, Serial No. 171), 73–100.PubMedCrossRef
Cole, P. M., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (1992). Emotional dysregulation in disruptive behavior disorders. In D. Cicchetti & S. L. Toth (Eds.), Rochester symposium on developmental psychopathology. Developmental perspectives on depression, Vol. 4 (pp. 173–209). Rochester, New York: University of Rochester Press.
Cummings, E. M. (1987). Coping with background anger in early childhood. Child Development, 58
Cummings, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (1995). The impact of parents on their children: An emotional security hypothesis. Annals of Child Development, 10, 167–208.
Cummings, J. S., Pellegrini, D. S., Notarius, C. I., Cummings, E. M. (1989). Children’s responses to angry adult behavior as a function of marital distress and history of interparent hostility. Child Development, 60
Davidson, R. J., Putnam, K. M., & Larson, C. L. (2000). Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation—A possible prelude to violence. Science, 289
Davies, P. T. (1998). Children’s responses to the simulated anger involving the mother: Observational coding manual. Rochester, New York: University of Rochester.
Davies, P. T., & Cummings, E. M. (1994). Marital conflict and child adjustment: An emotional security hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin, 116
Davies, P. T., & Cummings, E. M. (1998). Exploring children’s emotional security as a mediator of the link between marital relations and child adjustment. Child Development, 69
Davies, P. T., Forman, E. M. (2002). Children’s patterns of preserving emotional security in the interparental subsystem. Child Development, 73
Dawson, G., & Ashman, S. B. (2000). On the origins of a vulnerability to depression: The influence of the early social environment on the development of psychobiological systems related to risk for affective disorder. In C. A. Nelson (Ed.), The effects of early adversity on neurobiological development. The Minnesota symposia on child psychology, Vol. 31 (pp. 245–279). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Dawson, G., Ashman, S. B., Panagiotides, H., Hessl, D., Self, J., Yamada, E., et al. (2003). Preschool outcomes of children of depressed mothers: Role of maternal behavior, contextual risk, and children’s brain activity. Child Development, 74
Dawson, G., Hessl, D., & Frey, K. (1994). Social influences on early developing biological and behavioral systems related to risk for affective disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 6, 759–779.
Dodge, K. A. (1991). Emotion and social information processing. In J. Garber & K. A. Dodge (Eds.), The development of emotion regulation and dysregulation (pp. 159–182). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Downey, G., & Coyne, J. C. (1990). Children of depressed parents: An integrative review. Psychological Bulletin, 108
Edelman, G. M. (1987). Neural Darwinism: The theory of neuronal group selection. New York: Basic Books.
Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R., Shepard, S. A., Murphy, B. C., Guthrie, I. K., Jones, S., et al. (1997). Contemporaneous and longitudinal prediction of children’s social functioning from regulation and emotionality. Child Development, 68
Eisenberg, N., Gershoff, E. T., Fabes, R. A., Shepard, S. A., Cumberland, A. J., Losoya, S. H., et al. (2001). Mothers’ emotional expressivity and children’s behavior problems and social competence: Mediation through children’s regulation. Developmental Psychology, 37
El-Sheikh, M., Cummings, E. M., & Goetsch, V. (1989). Coping with adults’ angry behavior: Behavioral, physiological, and verbal responses in preschoolers. Developmental Psychology, 25
Field, T., Sandberg, D., Garcia, R., Vega-Lahr, N., Goldstein, S., & Guy, L. (1985). Pregnancy problems, postpartum depression and early mother–infant interactions. Developmental Psychology, 21
Frodi, A., & Thompson, R. (1985). Infants’ affective responses in the strange situation: Effects of prematurity and of quality of attachment. Child Development, 56
Garber, J., Little, S., Hilsman, R., & Weaver, K. R. (1998). Family predictors of suicidal symptoms in young adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 21
Goodman, S. H., & Gotlib, I. H. (1999). Risk for psychopathology in the children of depressed mothers: A developmental model for understanding mechanisms of transmission. Psychological Review, 106
Harter, S. (1982). The perceived competence scale for children. Child Development, 53
Harter, S., & Robin, P. (1984). The pictorial scale of perceived competence and social acceptance for young children. Child Development, 55
Hay, D. F., Pawlby, S., Sharp, D., Asten, P., Mills A., & Kumar, R. (2001). Intellectual problems shown by 11-year-old children whose mothers had postnatal depression. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 42, 871–889.
Hollingshead, A. (1975). Four-factor index of social status. New Haven, CT: Yale University.
Kagan, J. (1994). On the nature of emotion. In N. Fox (Ed.), The development of emotion regulation: Biological and behavioral considerations. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Vol. 59, pp. 7–24.
Kline, R. B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford.
Lewis, M., Alessandri, S. M., & Sullivan, M. W. (1992). Differences in shame and pride as a function of children’s gender and task difficulty. Child Development, 63
Little, S. A., & Garber, J. (1995). Aggression, depression, and stressful life events predicting peer rejection in children. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 845–856.
Marmorstein, N. R., Malone, S. M., & Iacono, W. G. (2004). Psychiatric disorders among offspring of depressed mothers: Associations with paternal psychopathology. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161
Maughan, A., Cicchetti, D. (2002). Impact of child maltreatment and interadult violence on children’s emotion regulation abilities and socioemotional adjustment. Child Development, 73
Moore, G. A., Cohn, J. F., Campbell, S. B. (2001). Infant affective responses to mother’s still face at 6 months differentially predict externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 18 months. Developmental Psychology, 37
Murray, L., Sinclair, D., Cooper, P., Ducournau, P., & Turner, P. (1999). The socioemotional development of 5-year-old children of postnatally depressed mothers. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Early Child Care Research Network. (1999). Chronicity of maternal depressive symptoms, maternal sensitivity, and child functioning at 36 months. Developmental Psychology, 35
Pedhazur, E. J., & Schmelkin, L. P. (1991). Measurement, design, and analysis: An integrated approach. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Radke-Yarrow, M., Martinez, P., Mayfield, A., Ronsaville, D. (1998). Children of depressed mothers: From early childhood to maturity. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Robins, L. N., Helzer, J. E., Croughan, J. L., & Ratcliff, K. S. (1981). National Institute of Mental Health diagnostic interview schedule: Its history, characteristics, and validity. Archives of General Psychiatry, 38
Robins, L., Helzer, J., Orvaschel,H., Anthony, J., Blazer, D., Burnam, A., et al. (1985). The Diagnostic Interview Schedule. In W. Eaton & L. Kessler (Eds.), Epidemiologic field methods in psychiatry (pp. 143–170). New York: Academic.
Robins, L. N., Helzer, J. R., Ratcliff, K. S., Seyfried, W. (1982). Validity of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule, Version II: DSM-III diagnoses. Psychological Medicine, 12
Rothbart, M. K., Posner, M. I., & Hershey, K. L. (1995). Temperament, attention, and developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology (pp. 315–340). Oxford, England: Wiley.
Rubin, K. H., Both, L., Zahn-Waxler, C., Cummings, E. M., & Wilkinson (1991). Dyadic play behavior of children of well and depressed mothers. Development and Psychopathology, 3, 243–251.
Rubin, K. H., Chen, X., McDougall, P., Bowker, A., & McKinnon, J. (1995). The Waterloo Longitudinal Project: Predicting internalizing and externalizing problems in adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 7
Silk, J. S., Shaw, D. S., Skuban, E. M., Oland, A A., & Kovacs, M. (2006). Emotion regulation strategies in offspring of childhood-onset depressed mothers. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47
Sobel, M. E. (1982). Asymptotic intervals for indirect effects in structural equation models. In S. Leinhart (Ed.), Sociological methodology (pp. 290–312). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Sroufe, L. A. (1996). Emotional development: The organization of emotional life in the early years. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Sroufe, L. A., Waters, E. (1977). Attachment as an organizational construct. Child Development, 48
Von Bertalanffy, L. (1968). General systems theory. New York: Braziller.
Weissman, M. M., Wickramaratne, P., Nomura, Y., Warner, V., Verdeli, H., Pilowsky, D. J., Grillon, C., et al. (2005). Families at high and low risk for depression: A 3-generation study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 43
Wickramaratne, P. J., & Weissman, M. M. (1998). Onset of psychopathology in offspring by developmental phase and parental depression. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37
Wright, C. A., George, T. P., Burke, R., Gelfand, D. M., & Teti, D. M. (2000). Early maternal depression and children’s adjustment in school. Child Study Journal, 30, 153–168.
Zahn-Waxler, C., Denham, S., Iannotti, R. J., & Cummings, E. M. (1992). Peer relations in children with a depressed caregiver. In R. D. Parke & G. W. Ladd (Eds.), Family–peer relationships (pp. 317–344). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Zahn-Waxler, C., Iannotti, R. J., Cummings, E. M., & Denham, S. (1990a). Antecedents of problem behaviors in children and depressed mothers. Development and Psychopathology, 2, 271–291.
Zahn-Waxler, C., Kochanska, G., Krupnick, J., & McKnew, D. (1990b). Patterns of guilt in children of depressed and well mothers. Developmental Psychology, 26