Original Paper

Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 467-479

Photoelectrocatalytic bleaching of p-nitrosodimethylaniline using Ti/TiO2 nanostructured electrodes deposited by means of a pulsed laser deposition process

  • Rimeh DaghrirAffiliated withInstitut national de la recherche scientifique, Centre Eau, Terre et Environnement, Université du Québec
  • , Patrick DroguiAffiliated withInstitut national de la recherche scientifique, Centre Eau, Terre et Environnement, Université du Québec Email author 
  • , Ibrahima KaAffiliated withInstitut national de la recherche scientifique, INRS-Énergie, Matériaux et Télécommunications, Université du Québec
  • , My Ali El KhakaniAffiliated withInstitut national de la recherche scientifique, INRS-Énergie, Matériaux et Télécommunications, Université du Québec
  • , Didier RobertAffiliated withAntenne de Saint-Avold du Laboratoire des Matériaux, Surface et Procédés pour la Catalyse (LMSPC) CNRS-UMR 7515, Université De Lorraine

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Abstract

This study investigated the potential use of oxidation in a photoelectrocatalytic cell for bleaching p-nitrosodimethylaniline. The Ti/TiO2 used as photo-anode was prepared by a pulsed laser deposition method. The TiO2 coatings were found to have rutile and anatase structures consisting of approximately 10 and 15 nm in diameter, respectively. A relatively high degradation rate of p-nitrosodimethylaniline was recorded using the photoelectrocatalytic cell, compared to those measured during conventional electrochemical oxidation, direct photolysis and photocatalysis processes. The influence of different parameters such as crystallographic structure of Ti/TiO2, type of cathode, potential applied, electrolysis time, UV irradiation and initial pH were investigated. The photoelectrocatalytic cell using Ti/TiO2 (anatase structure) as photo-anode and vitreous carbon as cathode operated at a current intensity of 0.1 A for 120 min with 254 nm of UV irradiation was found to have the best conditions to remove high amounts of p-nitrosodimethylaniline (22.6 × 10−3 mM h−1).

Keywords

Photoelectrocatalytic oxidation p-Nitrosodimethylaniline Reactive oxygen species Titanium dioxide semiconductor photocatalyst