Article

International Journal of Parallel Programming

, Volume 37, Issue 5, pp 488-507

The Bottom-Up Implementation of One MILC Lattice QCD Application on the Cell Blade

  • Guochun ShiAffiliated withNational Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois
  • , Volodymyr KindratenkoAffiliated withNational Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois Email author 
  • , Steven GottliebAffiliated withDepartment of Physics, Indiana University

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Abstract

We report the results of the bottom-up implementation of one MILC lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD) application on the Cell Broadband Engine™ processor. In our implementation, we preserve MILC’s framework for scaling the application to run on a large number of compute nodes and accelerate computationally intensive kernels on the Cell’s synergistic processor elements. Speedups of 3.4 × for the 8 × 8 × 16 × 16 lattice and 5.7 × for the 16 × 16 × 16 × 16 lattice are obtained when comparing our implementation of the MILC application executed on a 3.2 GHz Cell processor to the standard MILC code executed on a quad-core 2.33 GHz Intel Xeon processor. We provide an empirical model to predict application performance for a given lattice size. We also show that performance of the compute-intensive part of the application on the Cell processor is limited by the bandwidth between main memory and the Cell’s synergistic processor elements, whereas performance of the application’s parallel execution framework is limited by the bandwidth between main memory and the Cell’s power processor element.

Keywords

Cell Broadband Engine Quantum chromodynamics MILC