Hydrobiologia

, Volume 735, Issue 1, pp 15–44

Bivalve distribution in hydrographic regions in South America: historical overview and conservation

  • Daniel Pereira
  • Maria Cristina Dreher Mansur
  • Leandro D. S. Duarte
  • Arthur Schramm de Oliveira
  • Daniel Mansur Pimpão
  • Cláudia Tasso Callil
  • Cristián Ituarte
  • Esperanza Parada
  • Santiago Peredo
  • Gustavo Darrigran
  • Fabrizio Scarabino
  • Cristhian Clavijo
  • Gladys Lara
  • Igor Christo Miyahira
  • Maria Teresa Raya Rodriguez
  • Carlos Lasso
FRESHWATER BIVALVES Review Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10750-013-1639-x

Cite this article as:
Pereira, D., Mansur, M.C.D., Duarte, L.D.S. et al. Hydrobiologia (2014) 735: 15. doi:10.1007/s10750-013-1639-x

Abstract

Based on literature review and malacological collections, 168 native freshwater bivalve and five invasive species have been recorded for 52 hydrographic regions in South America. The higher species richness has been detected in the South Atlantic, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Amazon Brazilian hydrographic regions. Presence or absence data were analysed by Principal Coordinate for Phylogeny-Weighted. The lineage Veneroida was more representative in hydrographic regions that are poorer in species and located West of South America. The Mycetopodidae and Hyriidae lineages were predominant in regions that are richest in species toward the East of the continent. The distribution of invasive species Limnoperna fortunei is not related to species richness in different hydrographic regions there. The species richness and its distribution patterns are closely associated with the geological history of the continent. The hydrographic regions present distinct phylogenetic and species composition regardless of the level of richness. Therefore, not only should the richness be considered to be a criterion for prioritizing areas for conservation, but also the phylogenetic diversity of communities engaged in services and functional aspects relevant to ecosystem maintenance. A plan to the management of this fauna according to particular ecological characteristics and human uses of hydrographic regions is needed.

Keywords

BivalveSouth AmericaLiterature reviewScientific collectionsPhylogenetic composition

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Pereira
    • 1
  • Maria Cristina Dreher Mansur
    • 1
  • Leandro D. S. Duarte
    • 1
  • Arthur Schramm de Oliveira
    • 1
  • Daniel Mansur Pimpão
    • 2
  • Cláudia Tasso Callil
    • 3
  • Cristián Ituarte
    • 4
  • Esperanza Parada
    • 5
  • Santiago Peredo
    • 5
  • Gustavo Darrigran
    • 6
  • Fabrizio Scarabino
    • 7
  • Cristhian Clavijo
    • 7
  • Gladys Lara
    • 8
  • Igor Christo Miyahira
    • 9
  • Maria Teresa Raya Rodriguez
    • 1
  • Carlos Lasso
    • 10
  1. 1.PPECO/CENECO/UFRGS – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Centro de EcologiaUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.IBAMA – Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais RenováveisRua 229 n. 95, Setor Leste UniversitárioGoiâniaBrazil
  3. 3.NEPA/UFMT – Núcleo de Estudos Ecológicos do PantanalUniversidade Federal de Mato GrossoCuiabáBrazil
  4. 4.MACN – Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino RivadaviaBuenos AiresArgentina
  5. 5.ECOHYD – Plataforma de Investigación en Ecohidrología y Ecohidráulica)ProvidenciaChile
  6. 6.FCNyM/UNLP – Museo de La PlataPaseo del Bosque s/nºLa PlataArgentina
  7. 7.MNHNM – Museo Nacional de Historia NaturalMontevideoUruguay
  8. 8.Lab. de Limnología y Recursos Hídricos, Facultad de Recursos NaturalesUCT – Universidad Católica de TemucoTemucoChile
  9. 9.Lab. de Malacologia, UERJ – Universidade do Estado do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  10. 10.IAVH – Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von HumboldtBogotá D.C.Colombia