FRESHWATER BIVALVES Review Paper

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 735, Issue 1, pp 15-44

Bivalve distribution in hydrographic regions in South America: historical overview and conservation

  • Daniel PereiraAffiliated withPPECO/CENECO/UFRGS – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Centro de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Email author 
  • , Maria Cristina Dreher MansurAffiliated withPPECO/CENECO/UFRGS – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Centro de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
  • , Leandro D. S. DuarteAffiliated withPPECO/CENECO/UFRGS – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Centro de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
  • , Arthur Schramm de OliveiraAffiliated withPPECO/CENECO/UFRGS – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Centro de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
  • , Daniel Mansur PimpãoAffiliated withIBAMA – Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis, Rua 229 n. 95, Setor Leste Universitário
  • , Cláudia Tasso CallilAffiliated withNEPA/UFMT – Núcleo de Estudos Ecológicos do Pantanal, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso
  • , Cristián ItuarteAffiliated withMACN – Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia
  • , Esperanza ParadaAffiliated withECOHYD – Plataforma de Investigación en Ecohidrología y Ecohidráulica)
  • , Santiago PeredoAffiliated withECOHYD – Plataforma de Investigación en Ecohidrología y Ecohidráulica)
    • , Gustavo DarrigranAffiliated withFCNyM/UNLP – Museo de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque s/nº
    • , Fabrizio ScarabinoAffiliated withMNHNM – Museo Nacional de Historia Natural
    • , Cristhian ClavijoAffiliated withMNHNM – Museo Nacional de Historia Natural
    • , Gladys LaraAffiliated withLab. de Limnología y Recursos Hídricos, Facultad de Recursos Naturales, UCT – Universidad Católica de Temuco
    • , Igor Christo MiyahiraAffiliated withLab. de Malacologia, UERJ – Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
    • , Maria Teresa Raya RodriguezAffiliated withPPECO/CENECO/UFRGS – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Centro de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
    • , Carlos LassoAffiliated withPPECO/CENECO/UFRGS – Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Centro de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulIAVH – Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt

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Abstract

Based on literature review and malacological collections, 168 native freshwater bivalve and five invasive species have been recorded for 52 hydrographic regions in South America. The higher species richness has been detected in the South Atlantic, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Amazon Brazilian hydrographic regions. Presence or absence data were analysed by Principal Coordinate for Phylogeny-Weighted. The lineage Veneroida was more representative in hydrographic regions that are poorer in species and located West of South America. The Mycetopodidae and Hyriidae lineages were predominant in regions that are richest in species toward the East of the continent. The distribution of invasive species Limnoperna fortunei is not related to species richness in different hydrographic regions there. The species richness and its distribution patterns are closely associated with the geological history of the continent. The hydrographic regions present distinct phylogenetic and species composition regardless of the level of richness. Therefore, not only should the richness be considered to be a criterion for prioritizing areas for conservation, but also the phylogenetic diversity of communities engaged in services and functional aspects relevant to ecosystem maintenance. A plan to the management of this fauna according to particular ecological characteristics and human uses of hydrographic regions is needed.

Keywords

Bivalve South America Literature review Scientific collections Phylogenetic composition