The genetic variability of the red king crab, Paralithodes camtschatica (Tilesius, 1815) (Anomura, Lithodidae) introduced into the Barents Sea compared with samples from the Bering Sea and Kamchatka region using eleven microsatellite loci
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The intentional introduction of red king crab, Paralithodes camtschatica (Tilesius, 1815) in the Barents Sea represent one of a few successful cases and one that now supports a commercial fishery. Introductions of alien species into new environments are often associated with genetic bottlenecks, which cause a reduction in the genetic variation, and this could be important for the spreading potential of the species in the Atlantic Ocean. Red king crab samples collected in the Varangerfjord located on the Barents Sea (northern Norway) were compared with reference crab samples collected from the Bering Sea and Kamchatka regions in the Pacific Ocean. All samples were screened for eleven microsatellite loci, based on the development of species-specific primers. The observed number of alleles per locus was similar, and no reduction in genetic variation, including gene diversity and allelic richness, was detected between the Varangerfjord sample and the reference sample from Okhotsk Sea near Kamchatka, indicating no genetic bottlenecking at least for the microsatellite loci investigated. The same results were found in comparison with the sample from Bering Sea. The level of genetic differentiation among the samples, measured as overall F ST across all loci, was relatively low (0.0238) with a range of 0.0035–0.1000 for the various loci investigated. The largest pairwise F ST values were found between the Bering Sea and Varangerfjord/Barents Sea samples, with a value of 0.0194 across all loci tested. The lowest value (0.0101) was found between the Varangerfjord and Kamchatka samples. Genetic differentiation based on exact tests on allele frequencies revealed highly significant differences between all pairwise comparisons. The high level of genetic variation found in the Varangerfjord/Barents Sea sample could be of significance with respect to further spreading of the species to other regions in the North Atlantic Ocean.
Andrew, J. & R. D. Ward, 1996. Allozyme genetics of the marine fanworm Sabella spallanzanii: Comparison of native European and introduced Australian populations. Marine Ecology Progress Series 152: 131–143.
Carlton, J. T., 2002. Bioinvasion ecology: Assessing invasion impact and scale. In Leppakoski, E., Gollash S. & Olenin S. (eds), Invasive aquatic species of Europe: Distribution,impacts and management. Kluwer Academic Publisher. Dordrecht, Boston, London: 7–9.
Carlton, J. T. & J. B. Geller, 1993. Ecological roulette: The global transport of nonindigenous marine organisms. Science 261: 78–82.CrossRef
Cohen, A. N., J. T. Carlton & M. C. Fountain, 1995. Introduction, dispersal and potential impacts of the green crab Carcinus maenas in San Francisco Bay, California. Marine Biology 122: 225–237.
Geller, J. B., J. T. Carlton & D. A. Powers, 1994. PCR-based detection of mtDNA haplotypes of native and invading mussels on the northeastern Pacific coast: latitudinal patterns of invasion. Marine Biology 119: 243–249.CrossRef
Grosholz, E. D. & G. M. Ruiz, 1996. Predicting the impact of introduced marine species: Lessions from the multiple invasions of European green crab, Carcinus maenas. Biology Conservation 78: 59–66.CrossRef
Grosholz, E. D., 2002. Ecological and evolutionary consequences of coastal invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17(1): 22–27.CrossRef
Goudet, J., 1995. FSTAT: A computer program to calculate F-statistics. Journal of Heredity 86: 485–486.
Ivanov, B .G. 2001. Decapod crustaceans (Crustacea, Decapoda) of the Northern Pacific as a pool for the introduction into the Atlantic: An introduction is feasible but is it advisable? In Ivanov, B. G. (ed.), Study of biology of commercial crustaceans and algae of Russia seas. Collected papers. Moscow, VNIRO Publishing: 32–74.
Jørstad, K. E., E. Farestveit, H. Rudra, A. -L. Agnalt & S. Olsen, 2002. Studies on red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) introduces to the Barents Sea. In Crab 2001: Crabs in Cold Water Regions: Biology, Management and Economics. University of Alaska Sea Grant Collage Program. AK-SG-02-01: 425–437.
Kuzmin, S. & S. Olsen, 1994. Barents Sea king crab (Paralithodes camtschatica). The transplantation experiments were successful. International Council for Exploration of Sea Council Meeting 1994/ K: 1–12.
Kuzmin, S., S. Olsen, & O. Gerasimova, 1996. Barents Sea king crab (Paralithodes camtschatica) – The transplantation experiments were successful. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Biology, Management and Economics of Crabs from High Latitude Habitats. University of Alaska Sea Grant College Program Report no. 96–02: 649–663.
Luikart, G. & J. M. Cornuet, 1998. Empirical evaluation of a test for identifying recently bottlenecked populations from allele frequency data. Conservation Biology 12: 228–237.CrossRef
Orlov, Ju. I. & A. F. Karpevich, 1965. On the introduction of the commercial crab Paralithodes camtschatica (Tilesius) into the Barents Sea. Journal du Conseil International pour l’Exploration de la Mer 156: 59–61.
Orlov, Yu. I. & B. G. Ivanov, 1978. In the introduction of the Kamchatka King Crab Paralithodes camtschatica (Decapod: Anomura: Lithodidae) into the Barents Sea. Marine Biology 48: 373–375.CrossRef
Raymond, M. & F. Rousset, 1995. GENEPOP (Version 1.2): Population genetics software for exact tests and ecumenicism. Journal of Heredity 86: 248–249.
Reilly, A., N. G. Elliott, P. M. Grewe, C. Clabby, P. Powell & R. D. Ward, 1999. Genetic differentiation between Tasmanian cultured Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and their ancestral Canadian population: comparison of microsatellite DNA and allozyme and mitochondrial DNA variation. Aquaculture 173: 459–469.CrossRef
Seeb J. E., G. H., Kruse L. W. Seeb R. G. Weck, 1989. Genetic structure of Red king crab populations in Alaska faciliates enforcement of fishing regulations. Proceedings of the International Symposium on King & Tanner Crabs, Nov. 1989, Anchorage, Alaska: 491–502.
Seeb, L. W., E. J. Kretschmer, J. B. Olsen, W. D. Templin, K. C. Jones & W. S. Grant, 2002. Development of microsatellite loci in red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus). Molecular Ecology Notes 2: 137–138.CrossRef
Stoner, D. S., R. Ben-Shlomo, B. Rinkevich, & I. L. Weissman, 2002. Genetic variability of Botryllus schlosseri invations to the east and west coast of USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series 243: 93–100.
Tilesius, W. C., 1815. De Cancris Camtschaticis, Oniscis, Entomostracis et Cancellus marinis microscopicis noctilucentibus cum tabulis IV Aenaeis et appendice adnexo de Acaris et Ricinis Camtschaticis. Auctore Tilesio. Conventui exhibuit die 3 Februarii 1813. Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale de Sciences de St Pétersbourg 5: 331–405.
Ward, R. D. & J. Andrew, 1995. Population genetics of northern Pacific seastar Asterias amurensis Lutken (Echinodermata: Asteriidae): allozyme differentiation among Japanese, Russian and recently introduced Tasmanian populations. Marine Biology 124: 99–109.CrossRef
Ward, R. D., K. E. Jørstad & G. Maguire, 2003. Microsatellite diversity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) introduced to Western Australia. Aquaculture 219: 169–179.CrossRef
- The genetic variability of the red king crab, Paralithodes camtschatica (Tilesius, 1815) (Anomura, Lithodidae) introduced into the Barents Sea compared with samples from the Bering Sea and Kamchatka region using eleven microsatellite loci
Volume 590, Issue 1 , pp 115-121
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Paralithodes camtschatica
- Red king crab introduction
- Barents Sea
- Bering Sea
- Kamchatka region
- Genetic variability
- Industry Sectors