Nitrogen Dynamics in the Steeply Stratified, Temperate Lake Verevi, Estonia
Cite this article as: Tõnno, I., Ott, K. & Nõges, T. Hydrobiologia (2005) 547: 63. doi:10.1007/s10750-005-4145-y Abstract
The dynamics of different nitrogen compounds and nitrification in diverse habitats of a stratified Lake Verevi (Estonia) was investigated in 2000–2001. Also planktonic N
2-fixation (N 2fix) was measured in August of the observed years. The nitrogen that accumulated in the hypolimnion was trapped in the non-mixed layer during most of the vegetation period causing a concentration of an order of magnitude higher than in the epilimnion. The ammonium level remained low in the epilimnion (maximum 577 mgN m −3, average 115 mgN m −3) in spite of high concentrations in the hypolimnion (maximum 12223 mgN m −3, average 4807 mgN m −3). The concentrations of NO and NO 2 − remained on a low level both in the epilimnion (average 0.94 and 9.09 mgN m 3 − −3, respectively) and hypolimnion (average 0.47 and 5.05 mgN m −3, respectively). N 2fix and nitrification ranged from 0.30 to 2.80 mgN m −3 day −1 and 6.0 to 107 mgN m −3 day −1, respectively; the most intensive processes occurred in 07.08.00 at depths of 2 and 5 m, accordingly. The role of N 2fix in the total nitrogen budget of Lake Verevi (in August 2000 and 2001) was negligible while episodically in the nitrogen-depleted epilimnion the N 2fix could substantially contribute to the pool of mineral nitrogen. Nitrification was unable to influence nitrogen dynamics in the epilimnion while some temporary coupling with ammonium dynamics in the hypolimnion was documented. Keywords stratified lake nitrogen dynamics planktonic N 2-fixation nitrification References Ahlgren, I., Sörensson, F., Waara, T., Vrede, K. 1994 Nitrogen budgets in relation to microbial transformations in lakes Ambio 23 367 377 Google Scholar H. L., Golterman 1975 Physiological limnology. An approach to the physiology of lake ecosystems Elsevier Amsterdam, Oxford, New York Google Scholar
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