Article

Human Ecology

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 169-186

Human–Tiger Conflict in Context: Risks to Lives and Livelihoods in the Bangladesh Sundarbans

  • Chloe InskipAffiliated withDurrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, School of Anthropology and Conservation, Marlowe Building, University of Kent Email author 
  • , Martin RidoutAffiliated withSchool of Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science, Cornwallis Building, University of Kent
  • , Zubair FahadAffiliated withWildTeam (formerly the Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh)
  • , Rowan TullyAffiliated withWildTeam (formerly the Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh)
  • , Adam BarlowAffiliated withWildTeam (formerly the Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh)
  • , Christina Greenwood BarlowAffiliated withWildTeam (formerly the Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh)
  • , Md. Anwar IslamAffiliated withWildTeam (formerly the Wildlife Trust of Bangladesh)
  • , Thomas RobertsAffiliated withDurrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, School of Anthropology and Conservation, Marlowe Building, University of Kent
  • , Douglas MacMillanAffiliated withDurrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology, School of Anthropology and Conservation, Marlowe Building, University of Kent

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

People’s perceptions of the risk posed by wild animals to human lives and/or livelihoods can influence the rate at which people intentionally kill these species. Consequently, human–wildlife conflict (HWC) management strategies may benefit from the inclusion of actions which reduce risk perceptions. This study uses Participatory Risk Mapping (PRM) and semi-structured interviews to explore local perceptions and the wider socio-economic context of human–tiger conflict (HTC) in the Bangladesh Sundarbans area. Of the 24 locally-relevant problems identified by the PRM process, tigers were the only problem to be cited by >50 % of respondents. The ‘tiger problem’ was also perceived by villagers to be of relatively high severity. Negative perceptions of tigers in the Sundarbans communities are exacerbated by other locally-experienced poverty-related problems, as well cyclones, floods and soil erosion. Interactions between the problems experienced by villagers, including HTC, result in a complex ‘risk web’ which detrimentally affects lives and livelihoods and ultimately perpetuates poverty levels in the Sundarbans communities. This research demonstrates that PRM and in-depth, qualitative research can enhance understanding of the perceived magnitude and wider socio-economic context of risks from wildlife and aid the identification of risk perception management actions which may help to reduce the number of animals killed by people.

Keywords

Panthera tigris Human–wildlife conflict Risk perception Poverty Sundarbans