Allard, Dean C. 1999. “The Origins and Early History of the Steamer Albatross, 1880–1887.” Marine Fisheries Review
61(4): 1–21.Google Scholar
Barga, Roger, and Delaney, John. 2009. “A 2020 Vision for Ocean Science.” Earth and the Environment.
Beaglehole, J.C. 1974. The Life of Captain James Cook
. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Burkhardt, Richard. 2001. “Naturalists’ Practices and Nature’s Empire.” Pacific Science
55(4): 327–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chamisso, Adelbert Von. 1986. Henry Kratz (trans. and ed.), A Voyage Around the World with the Romanzov Exploring Expedition in the years 1815–1818 in the Brig Rurik, Captain Otto Kotzebue. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Charnock, H. 1973. “H.M.S. Challenger and the Development of Marine Science.” The Journal of Navigation
26(1): 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Collins, John A. Collins, Detrick, Robert S., and Frye, Daniel E. 2000. “Seafloor to Surface to Satellite to Shore: Moored Buoys Offer Potential for Continuous, Real-Time Observations Anywhere in the Ocean.” Oceanus Magazine.
Cook, James. 1776. “The Method Taken for Preserving the Health of the Crew of His Majesty’s Ship the Resolution During her Late Voyage Round the World.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.
Deacon, Margaret. 1971. Scientists and the Sea 1650–1900: A Study of Marine Science
. London: Ashgate Academic Press.Google Scholar
Delaney, John. 2013. “Wiring an Interactive Ocean. 2010.” TED Talks Online
. Accessed 15 April 2013.
Edwards, Charles Lincoln. 1910. “The Zoological Station at Naples.” The Popular Science Monthly, Vol. 77 (September, 1910).
Ehrenberg, R.E., Wolter, J.A., and Burroughs, C.A. 1985. “Surveying and Charting the Pacific Basin.” Herman J. Viola and Carolyn Margolis (eds.), Magnificent Voyagers: The U.S. Exploring Expedition, 1838–1842. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Fleming, John. 1932. “Forward.” J. Harland Paul (ed.), The Last Cruise of the Carnegie. Baltimore: The Williams & Wilkins Company.
Fleming, James. 1990. Meteorology in America, 1800–1870
. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Folin, Léopold. 1887. Sous Les Mers: Campagnes d’Explorations du ‘Travailleur’ et du ‘Talisman’
. Paris: Librairie J.B. Baillière et Fils.Google Scholar
Fricke, J. Robert. 1994. “Down to the Sea in Robots.” Technology Review
97(7): 46–55.Google Scholar
Goetzmann, William H. 1986. Exploration and Empire: The Explorer and the Scientist in the Winning of the American West
. New York: Viking Press.Google Scholar
Helmreich, Stefan. 2009. Alien Ocean: Anthropological Voyages in Microbial Seas
. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Hjort, Johan, and Murray, John. 1912. The Depths of the Ocean: A general Account of the Modern Science of Oceanography Based Largely on the Scientific Researches of the Norwegian Steamer Michael Sars in the North Atlantic
. London: Macmillan and Co.Google Scholar
Hooker, J.D. 1876. “Address of the President – Anniversary Meeting.” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
25(175): 339–362.Google Scholar
Kingston, Ralph. 2007. “A Not So Pacific Voyage: The ‘Floating Laboratory’ of Nicholas Baudin.” Endeavour
31(4): 145–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kohler, Robert E. 2002. “Place and Practice in Field Biology.” History of Science
40(2): 189–210.Google Scholar
Kohler, Robert E., and Kuklick, Henrika. 1996. ““Introduction.” [Special Issue: Science in the Field].” Osiris
11(2): 1–14.Google Scholar
Laloë, Anne-Flore. 2012. “Where is Bathybius haeckelii? The Ship as Scientific Instrument and a Space of Science.” Don Leggett and Richard Dunn (eds.), Re-inventing the Ship: Science, Technology and the Maritime World, 1800–1918. Surrey, England: Ashgate, pp. 113–130.
Latour, Bruno. 1987. Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society
. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Lavoie, Judith. 2011. “Retired Coast Guard Boat to Become Floating Lab.” Times Colonist.
Lavoie, Judith. 2013. “What’s in the Ocean off the coast of Vancouver Island.” Times Colonist.
Macdonald, A.J., and Priede, I.G. 1983. “Preface.” A.G. Macdonald and I.G. Priede (ed.), Experimental Biology at Sea. London: Academic Press.
Matkin, Joseph. 1992. Philip F. Rehbock (ed.), At Sea with Scientifics: The Challenger Letters of Joseph Matkin. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Maury, Matthew Fontaine. 1883 [19th ed.]. The Physical Geography of the Sea. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons.
McConnell, Anita. 1982. “The Grand Victorian Technology: Submarine Telegraphy.” No Sea Too Deep: The History of Oceanographic Instruments. Bristol: Adam Hilger Ltd.
Mills, Eric. 1983. “Problems of Deep-Sea Biology: An Historical Perspective.” Gilbert T. Rowe (ed.), The Sea, Vol. 8. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Mills, Eric. 1993a. “The History of Oceanography: Introduction.” Earth Sciences History
12(1): 1.Google Scholar
Mills, Eric. 1993b. “The Historian of Science and Oceanography After Twenty Years.” Earth Sciences History
12(1): 5–18.Google Scholar
Munk, Walter. 1980. “Affairs of the Sea.” Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
8: 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Munk, Walter. 2000. “Oceanography Before, and After, the Advent of Satellites.” David Halpern (ed.), Satellites, Oceanography and Society. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Musselman, Elizabeth Green. 1999. “Science as a Landed Activity: Scientifics and Seamen aboard the U.S. Exploring Expedition.” Edward L. Carter (ed.), Surveying the Record: North American Exploration to 1900. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.
Naish, John M. 1999. “The Health of Mariners: Vancouver’s Achievement.” Stephen W. Haycox, James Barnett, and Caedmon Liburn (eds.), Enlightenment and Exploration in the North Pacific, 1741–1805. Anchorage: Cook Inlet Historical Society.
Organ, Michael. 1998. “‘Osterreich in Australien’: Ferdinand von Hochstetter and the Austrian Novara Scientific Expedition 1858–9.” Historical Records of Australian Science
12(1): 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Poesch, Jessie. 1961. Titian Ramsay Peale and his Journals of the Wilkes Expedition 1799–1885
. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.Google Scholar
Reynolds, William. 2004. Nathaniel Philbrick and Thomas Philbrick (eds.), The Private Journal of William Reynolds: The United States Exploring Expedition, 1838–1842. New York: Penguin Press.
Rozwadowski, Helen. 1996. “Small World: Forging a Scientific Maritime Culture for Oceanography.” Isis
87(3): 409–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rozwadowski, Helen. 2004. “Engineering, Imagination, and Industry: Scripps Island and Dreams for Ocean Science in the 1960s.” Helen Rozwadowski and David Van Keuren (eds.), The Machine in Neptune’s Garden: Historical Perspectives on Technology and the Marine Environment. Sagamore Beach, MA: Science History Publications.
Rozwadowski, Helen. 2005. Fathoming the Ocean: The Discovery and Exploration of the Deep Sea
. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Scherzer, Karl. 1863. Narrative of the Circumnavigation of the Globe by the Austrian Frigate Novara, Undertaken by Order of the Imperial Government, in the Years 1857, 1858, & 1859, Under the Immediate Auspices of His I. and R. Highness The Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, Commander-in-Chief of the Austrian Navy, Vol. 1. London: Saunders, Otley, and Co.
Shapin, Steven. 1989. “The Invisible Technician.” American Scientist
77(6): 554–563.Google Scholar
Shor, Elizabeth Noble. 1978. Scripps Institution of Oceanography: Probing the Oceans 1936 to 1976
. San Diego: Tofua Press.Google Scholar
Shor, George G., Jr. 2002. “The Development of Research Vessel Design.” Keith Benson and Philip F. Rehbock (eds.), Oceanographic History: The Pacific and Beyond. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Sigsbee, Charles. 1880. Deep-Sea Sounding and Dredging: A Description and Discussion of the Methods and Appliances Used on Board the Coast and Geodetic Survey Steamer ‘Blake’
. Washington: Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
Skallerup, Harry R. 1974. Books Ashore & Afloat: A History of Books, Libraries, and Reading Among Seaman During the Age of Sail
. Hamden, CT: Archon Books.Google Scholar
Sorrenson, Richard. 1996. “The Ship as Scientific Instrument in the Eighteenth Century.” Osiris
11(2): 221–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Spry, W.J.J. 1877. The Cruise of her Majesty’s Ship ‘Challenger.’ Voyages over Many Seas, Scenes in Many Lands. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington.
Stanton, William. 1975. The Great United States Exploring Expedition
. Berkeley: Berkeley University Press.Google Scholar
Stewart, Robert. 2005. “Introduction to Physical Oceanography.” http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/ocng_textbook/contents.html
. Accessed 15 April 2013.
Tanner, Z.L. 1897. Deep-Sea Exploration: A General Description of the Steamer Albatross, her Appliances and Methods, Extracted from the U.S. Fish Commission Bulletin for 1896, Article 5, Pages 2576 to 428, Plates I to XL. Washington: Government Printing Office.
Thomson, Charles W. 1873. The Depths of the Sea: An Account of the General Results of the Dredging Cruises of H.M.SS. ‘Porcupine’ and ‘Lightning’ During the Summers of 1868, 1869, and 1870, under the scientific direction of Dr. Carpenter, F.R.S., J. Gwyn Jeffreys, F.R.S., and Dr. Wyville Thomson, F.R.S. London: Macmillan & Co.
Thomson, Charles W. 1878. The Voyage of the ‘Challenger’: The Atlantic: A Preliminary Account of the General Results of the Exploring Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Challenger’ During the Year 1873 and the Early Part of the Year 1876, Vol. 1. New York: Harper.
Tilghman, R. Carmichael. 1981. President’s Address: Captain James Cook (1728–1779) Explorations and the Conquest of Scurvy. The American Clinical and Climatological Association.
Tizard, T.H. 1885. Narrative of the Cruise of the H.M.S. Challenger with a General Account of the Scientific Results of the Expedition. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.
Unknown Author. 1862. “A Visit to the Iron-Cased Frigate ‘Warrior’.” The Exchange: A Home and Colonial Review of Commerce, Manufactures, and General Politics, Vol. 1. London: Sampson Low, Son, & Co.
Unknown Author. 1872. “The Challenger her Challenge.” Punch Magazine 63: 245.
Unknown Author. 2012. NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer
. Accessed 15 April 2013.
Weir, Gary E. 2001. An Ocean in Common: American Naval Officers, Scientists, and The Ocean Environment
. College Station: Texas A&M University Press.Google Scholar
Whitman, Emily Nunn. 1882. “The Zoölogical Station at Naples.” The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine, Vol. 32. New York: The De Venne Press.
Wilkes, Charles. 1845. Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, Vol. 1. Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard.
Wolf, George. 1997. “Eduard Schwarz, A Neglected Pioneer in the History of Nutrition.” Nutrition
13(9): 844–846.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wüst, Georg. 1964. “The Major Deep-Sea Expeditions and Research Vessels 1873–1960.” Progress in Oceanography
2: 1–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yardley, William. 2007. “‘Bringing the Ocean to the World,’ in High-Def.” The New York Times.