University drop-out: an Italian experience
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
University students’ drop-out is a crucial issue for the universities’ efficiency evaluation and funding. In this paper, we analyze the drop-out rate of the Economics and Business faculty of Sapienza University of Rome. We use administrative data on 9,725 undergraduates students enrolled in three-years bachelor programs from 2001 to 2007 and perform a Generalized Linear Mixed Model. Our aim is to improve the general understanding of the students’ withdrawing focusing on personal characteristics of students rather than on institutional aspects of the university. The empirical analysis unveils the statistically significant effect of students’ characteristics, like citizenship and income, while the main findings relate a high drop-out probability to a high secondary school final mark and a low individual students’ performance.
- Aitkin, M. (1999) A general maximum likelihood analysis of variance components in generalized linear models. Biometrics, 55, 117–128. CrossRef
- Arcari, A. M. (2004). The impact of the Italian University reform on management systems of each individual university. Working paper no. 13—Centro universitario per la valutazione ed il controllo CRESCO.
- Arulampalam, W., Naylor, R. A., & Smith, J. P. (2004). A hazard model of the probability of medical school drop-out in the UK. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society—Series A, 167, 157–178. CrossRef
- Bennett, R. (2009). Determinants of undergraduate student drop out rates in a University Business Studies Department. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 27, 123–141. CrossRef
- Biggeri, l., & Bini, M. (2004). Evaluation at University and state level in Italy: Need for a system of evaluation and indicators. Tertiary Education and Management, 7, 149–162.
- Boero, G., Laureti, T., & Naylor, R. A. (2005). An econometric analysis of student withdrwal and progression in the post-reform Italian univerisities. CRENOS Working paper, no. 1048.
- D’Hombres, B. (2007). The impact of university reforms on dropout rates and studentsÂ’status: Evidence from Italy. JRC Scientific and Technical Report, no. 40507.
- Di Pietro, G. (2004). The determinants of university dropout in Italy: A bivariate probability model with sampl selection. Applied Economics Letters, 11, 187–191. CrossRef
- Di Pietro, G., & Cutillo, A. (2008). Degree flexibility and university drop out: The Italian experience. Economics of Education Reviews, 27, 546–555. CrossRef
- Cingano, F., & Cipollone, P. (2007). University drop-out: The case of Italy. Temi di discussione Banca D’Italia no. 626.
- Fielding, A., Belfield, C., & Thomas, H. (1998). The consequences of drop-outs on the cost-effectiveness of 16–19 colleges. Oxford Review of Education, 24, 487–511. CrossRef
- Grilli, L., & Rampichini, C. (2007). A multilevel multinomial logit model for the analysis of graduates’ skills. Statstical Methods and Applications, 16, 381–393. CrossRef
- Hoskins, S. L., Newstead, S. E., & Dennis, I. (1997). Degree performance as a function of age, gender, prior qualifications and discipline studied. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 22(3), 317–328.
- Kalsner, L. (1991). Issues in college student retention. Higher Education Extension Service Review, 3(1), 1–10.
- Jakobsen, V., & Rosholm, M. (2003). Dropping out of school? A competing risks analysis of young immigrants progress in the education system. IZA Discussion Paper No. 918, IZA, Bonn.
- Johnes J. (1990). Determinants of student wastage in higher education. Studies in Higher Education, 15, 87–99 CrossRef
- Mastekaasa, A., & Smeby, J. C. (2008). Educational choice and persistence in male- and female-dominated fields. Higher Education, 55, 189–202. CrossRef
- Montmarquette, C., Mahseredjian, S., & Houle R. (2001). The Determinants of university dropouts: A bivariate probability model with sample selection. Economics of Education Review, 20, 475–484. CrossRef
- McCullagh, P., & Nelder, J. A. (1989). Generalized linear models. Chapman & Hall, New York.
- Noel, L., & Levitz, R. (Eds.). (1985). Increasing student retention. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
- Rabe-Hesket, S., & Skrondal, A. (2002). Reliable estimation of generalized linear mixed models using adaptive quadrature. Stata Journal , 2, 1–21
- Smith, J. P., & Naylor, R. A. (2001). Dropping out of university: A statistical analysis of the probability of withdrawal for UK university students Journal of the Royal Statistical Society—Series A, 164, 389–405. CrossRef
- Tinto, V. (1987). Leaving college: Rethinking the causes and cures of student attrition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
- Triventi, M., & Trivellato, P. (2009). Participation, performance and inequality in Italian higher education in the 20th century. Higher Education (in press).
- University drop-out: an Italian experience
Volume 60, Issue 2 , pp 127-138
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- University drop-out
- Italian higher education system
- Generalized linear mixed model
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Dipartimento di Economia Politica, Università degli Studi di Siena, Siena, Italy
- 2. Dipartimento di Istituzioni Pubbliche, Economia e Società, Università di Roma Tre, Rome, Italy
- 3. Dipartimento di Studi Geoeconomici, Linguistici, Statistici, Storici per l’Analisi Regionale, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy