Review Article

Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 429-443

Genetic resources of Pistacia vera L. in Central Asia

  • Abdushukur A. KhanazarovAffiliated withRepublican Scientific Center for the Production of Ornamental Plants and Forest Management
  • , Galina M. ChernovaAffiliated withRepublican Scientific Center for the Production of Ornamental Plants and Forest Management
  • , Alisher M. RakhmonovAffiliated withRepublican Scientific Center for the Production of Ornamental Plants and Forest Management
  • , Lucian V. NikolyiAffiliated withRepublican Scientific Center for the Production of Ornamental Plants and Forest Management
  • , Ekaterina AblaevaAffiliated withTashkent State Agrarian University
  • , David E. ZaurovAffiliated withDepartment of Plant Biology & Pathology, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University
  • , Thomas J. MolnarAffiliated withDepartment of Plant Biology & Pathology, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University Email author 
  • , Sasha W. EisenmanAffiliated withDepartment of Plant Biology & Pathology, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University
  • , Cyril R. FunkAffiliated withDepartment of Plant Biology & Pathology, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers UniversityImproving Perennial Plants for Food and Bio-energy, Inc.

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Abstract

Pistacia vera L. is grown as an economically valuable crop in a number of semi-arid regions worldwide. However, the species remains quite underutilized when considering its wide native range and inherent genetic diversity. Central Asia represents a large and diverse region where a wealth of P. vera genetic resources exists. Much of this region, which is the center of diversity and/or the center of origin of many important crops, has been inaccessible to the western world for centuries. Since the break up of the Soviet Union, Central Asia has become increasingly open and opportunities for reciprocal germplasm exchange and scientific collaborations are growing. To bring increased attention to the valuable P. vera genetic resources endemic to this region, and to promote its better utilization, management, and preservation, a description and history of the species from a Central Asian perspective, along with recent and ongoing activities, are discussed here.

Keywords

Breeding Germplasm collection Pistachio Pistacia vera Underutilized tree species