Transferase and hydrolytic activities of the laminarinase from rhodothermus marinus and its M133A, M133C, and M133W mutants
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- Neustroev, K.N., Golubev, A.M., Sinnott, M.L. et al. Glycoconj J (2006) 23: 501. doi:10.1007/s10719-006-6733-0
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Comparative studies of the transglycosylation and hydrolytic activities have been performed on the Rhodothermus marinus β-1,3-glucanase (laminarinase) and its M133A, M133C, and M133W mutants. The M133C mutant demonstrated near 20% greater rate of transglycosylation activity in comparison with the M133A and M133W mutants that was measured by NMR quantitation of nascent β(1-4) and β(1-6) linkages. To obtain kinetic probes for the wild-type enzyme and Met-133 mutants, p-nitrophenyl β-laminarin oligosaccharides of degree of polymerisation 2–8 were synthesized enzymatically. Catalytic efficiency values, kcat/Km, of the laminarinase catalysed hydrolysis of these oligosaccharides suggested possibility of four negative and at least three positive binding subsites in the active site. Comparison of action patterns of the wild-type and M133C mutant in the hydrolysis of the p-nitrophenyl-β-D-oligosac- charides indicated that the increased transglycosylation activity of the M133C mutant did not result from altered subsite affinities. The stereospecificity of the transglycosylation reaction also was unchanged in all mutants; the major transglycosylation products in hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl laminaribioside were β-glucopyranosyl-β-1,3-D-glucopy- ranosyl-β-1,3-D-glucopyranose and β-glucopyranosyl-β-1, 3-D-glucopyranosyl-β-1,3-D-glucpyranosyl-β-1,3-D- glucopyranoxside.