Formal Methods in System Design

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 93-110

First online:

A Framework for Modeling the Distributed Deployment of Synchronous Designs

  • Luca P. CarloniAffiliated withDepartment of Computer Science, Columbia University Email author 
  • , Alberto L. Sangiovanni-VincentelliAffiliated withEECS Department, University of California at Berkeley

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Synchronous specifications are appealing in the design of large scale hardware and software systems because of their properties that facilitate verification and synthesis.When the target architecture is a distributed system, implementing a synchronous specification as a synchronous design may be inefficient in terms of both size (memory for software implementations or area for hardware implementations) and performance. A more elaborate implementation style where the basic synchronous paradigm is adapted to distributed architectures by introducing elements of asynchrony is, hence, highly desirable. Building on the tagged-signal model, we present a modeling for the distributed deployment of synchronous design. We offer a comparative exposition of various design approaches (synchronous, asynchronous, GALS, latency-insensitive, and synchronous programming) and we provide some insight on the role of signal absence in modeling synchronization in distributed concurrent systems. Finally, we compare two distinct methodologies, desynchronization and latency-insensitive design, and we elaborate on possible options to combine their results.


Desynchronization GALS Distributed systems Latency-insensitive design