Foundations of Chemistry

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 215–233

Similarity and representation in chemical knowledge practices

  • Juan Bautista Bengoetxea
  • Oliver Todt
  • José Luis Luján
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10698-014-9203-y

Cite this article as:
Bengoetxea, J.B., Todt, O. & Luján, J.L. Found Chem (2014) 16: 215. doi:10.1007/s10698-014-9203-y
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Abstract

This paper argues for the theoretical and practical validity of similarity as a useful epistemological tool in scientific knowledge generation, specifically in chemistry. Classical analyses of similarity in philosophy of science do not account for the concept’s practical significance in scientific activities. We recur to examples from chemistry to counter the claim of authors like Quine or Goodman to the effect that similarity must be excluded from scientific practices (as well as their philosophical analysis). In conclusion we argue that more recent conceptualizations of the notion of similarity, particularly Giere’s one, are appropriate for a philosophical analysis that considers scientific practices on equal terms with scientific theory.

Keywords

Chemistry Similarity Representation Model Scientific practices Regulatory science 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Bautista Bengoetxea
    • 1
  • Oliver Todt
    • 1
  • José Luis Luján
    • 1
  1. 1.University of the Balearic IslandsPalmaSpain