Foundations of Chemistry

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 123-129

First online:

Isoelectronic series: a fundamental periodic property

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The usefulness of isoelectronic series (same number of total electrons and atoms and of valence electrons) across Periods is often overlooked. Here we show the ubiquitousness of isoelectronic sets by means of matrices, arrays, and sequential series. Some of these series have not previously been identified. In addition, we recommend the use of the term valence-isoelectronic for species which differ in the number of core electrons and pseudo-isoelectronic for matching (n) and (n + 10) species.


Isoelectronic Periodic table Valence-isoelectronic Pseudo-isoelectronic