Date: 11 Mar 2005
The Role of Parents and Community in the Education of the Japanese Child
- Heidi Knipprath
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
In Japan, there has been an increased concern about family and community participation in the child’s education. Traditionally, the role of parents and community in Japan has been one of support and less one of active involvement in school learning. Since the government commenced education reforms in the last quarter of the 20th century, a more active role for parents and the community in education has been encouraged. These reforms have been inspired by the need to tackle various problems that had arisen, such as the perceived harmful elements of society’s preoccupation with academic achievement and the problematic behavior of young people. In this paper, the following issues are examined: (1) education policy and reform measures with regard to parent and community involvement in the child’s education; (2) the state of parent and community involvement at the eve of the 20th century.
Benjamin, G. R. 1997Japanese lessons.New York University PressNew York
Cave, P. 2003Educational reform in Japan in the 1990s: ‘Individuality’ and other uncertaintiesComparative Education Review37173191
Chen, C., Stevenson, H. W. 1989Homework: A cross-cultural examinationChild Development60551561
Chuo Kyoiku Shingikai (1996). 21 seiki o tenbo shita wagakuni no kyoiku no arikata ni tsuite [First Report on the Model for Japanese Education in the Perspective of the 21st century]. Available: http://www.mext.go.jp/b\_menu/shingi/12/chuuou/toushin/980401.htm.
Chuo Kyoiku Shingikai (1998). Kongo no chiho kyoiku gyosei no arikata ni tsuite [How local administration on education should be]. Available: http://www.mext.go.jp/b\_menu/shingi/chuuou/toushin/960701.htm.
Cummings, W. K. 1989The American perception of Japanese educationComparative Education25293302
Epstein, J. L. (1995). School/family/community partnerships. Phi Delta Kappan, 701–712.
Fujita, M. 1989It’s all mother’s fault: childcare and the socialization of working mothers in JapanThe Journal of Japanese Studies156791
Harnish, D. L. 1994Supplemental education in Japan: juku schooling and its implicationJournal of Curriculum Studies26323334
Hess, R. D., Azuma, H. 1991Cultural support for schooling, contrasts between Japan and the United States. Educational Researcher202812
Hiroki, K. 1996Kyoiku ni okeru kodomo, oya, kyoshi, kocho no kenri, gimukankei [Rights and duties of principals, teachers, parents and children in educationHorio, T.Urano, T. eds. Soshiki toshite no gakko [School as an organization]Kashiwa ShoboTokyo79100
Ikeda, H. 2000Chiiki no kyoiku kaikaku [Local education reform]Kaiho ShuppanshaOsaka
Kudomi, Y., Hosogane, T., Inui, A. 1999The participation of students, parents and the community in promoting school autonomy: case studies in JapanInternational Studies in Sociology of Education9275291
Lynn, R. 1988Educational achievement in JapanMacMillan PressLondon
Martin, M.O., Mullis, I. V. S., Gonzalez, E. J., Gregory, K. D., Smith, T. A., Chrostowski, S. J., Garden, R. A., O’Connor, K. M. 2000TIMSS 1999 International science report, findings from IEA’s Repeat of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study at the Eight GradeThe International Study CenterChestnut Hill
Mullis, I. V. S., Martin, M. O., Gonzalez, E. J., Gregory, K. D., Garden, R. A., O’Connor, K. M., Chrostowski, S. J., Smith, T. A. 2000TIMSS 1999 International mathematics report, findings from IEA’s Repeat of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study at the Eight GradeThe International Study CenterChestnut Hill
Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture (2000). Japanese government policies in education, science, sports and culture. 1999, educational reform in progress. Tokyo: Printing Bureau, Ministry of Finance.
Monbusho, Ed. 1999Heisei 11 nendo, wagakuni no bunkyoshisaku : Susumu kaikaku [Japanese government policies in education, science, sports and culture 1999: Educational reform in progress]MonbushoTokyo
Naganoshi shotengai kasseika ni kokosei ga shien [High schools contributing to the revival of a shopping center in Nagano]. Yomiuri Newspaper, 2 May 2001.
Nakata, Y. 1996Sengo nihon ni okeru fubo jumin sanka no gakko dukuri [Parents and community as partners in schooling after the Second World War in JapanHorio, T.Urano, T. eds. Soshiki toshite no gakko [School as an organization]Kashiwa ShoboTokyo137156
OECD1997Parents as partners in schoolingOECDParis
OECD2001New school management approachesOECDParis
Okano, K., Tsuchiya, M. 1999Education in contemporary Japan: Inequality and diversityCambridge University PressCambridge
Ozawa & Ichikawa, S. (Eds.), (2000). Tokushu: Gakko hyogiin no secchi to unei. [Special issue: The establishment and management of school councils.] Kyoshoku Kenshu, 28--9.
Ozawa, M., Tsutsumi, S., Hashidume, D. 2000Sentaku, sekinin, rentai no kyoiku kaikaku [Choice, responsibility, partnership and education reform]Keiso ShoboTokyo
Roesgaard, M. H. 1998Moving mountains, Japanese education reformAarhus University PressAarhus
Sato, M. 2000Jugyo o kaeru, jugyo ga kawaru [Change lectures and schools will change too]ShogakukanTokyo
Schümer, G. 1999Mathematics education in JapanJournal of Curriculum Studie31399427
Shimahara, N. K. 1986The cultural basis of student achievement in JapanComparative Education221926
Stevenson, H. W., Lee, S.-Y., Chen, C., Stigler, J. W., Hsu, C.-C., Kitamura, S. 1990Contexts of achievement: A study of American, Chinese, and Japanese childrenMonographs of the Society for Research in Child Development22112
Stevenson, H. W., Stigler, J. W. 1992The learning gapSimon & SchusterNew York
Sumida, M. 2001Chiiki shakai to kyouiku [The community and education]Kyushu Daigaku ShuppankaiFukuoka
Suzuki, S. 2000Japanese education for the 21st century: Educational issues, policy choice and perspectivesTownsend, T.Cheng, Y. C. eds. Educational change and development in the Asia-Pacific regionSwets & ZeitlingerLisse5782
White, M. 1987The Japanese educational challenge: a commitment to childrenThe Free PressNew York
- The Role of Parents and Community in the Education of the Japanese Child
Educational Research for Policy and Practice
Volume 3, Issue 2 , pp 95-107
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- active involvement
- education reform
- Heidi Knipprath (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Methodology School of Business, Public Administration and Technology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500, Enschede, AE, The Netherlands