Original Article


, Volume 76, Issue 1, pp 91-100

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Intentionality Versus Constructive Empiricism

  • F. A. I. BuekensAffiliated withTilburg University and University of Leuven
  • , F. A. MullerAffiliated withFaculty of Philosophy, Erasmus University RotterdamDepartment of Physics and Astronomy, Utrecht University Email author 


By focussing on the intentional character of observation in science, we argue that Constructive Empiricism—B.C. van Fraassen’s much debated and explored view of science—is inconsistent. We then argue there are at least two ways out of our Inconsistency Argument, one of which is more easily to square with Constructive Empiricism than the other.