Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 185, Issue 12, pp 10333-10337

First online:

Heavy metals contamination in water and three species of most consumed fish sampled from Caspian Sea, 2011

  • S. S. Saeedi SaraviAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical SciencesMazandaran Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center
  • , M. ShokrzadehAffiliated withMazandaran Pharmaceutical Sciences Research CenterDepartment of Toxicology-Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences Email author 

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The present study is an attempt to evaluate the heavy metal contamination in the marine environment of the Caspian Sea of Iran. The concentrations of zinc, chromium, cadmium, and lead were measured in water and dorsal muscle of fish sampled from 10 selected stations along Gorgan coast using atomic absorption spectrophotometry during summer of 2011. The average concentrations of lead in water and fish samples (115.29 ± 14.78 and 113.23 ± 27.01 μg/L) were significantly higher than that of cadmium and chromium (P < 0.05). The highest heavy metals content was observed in Cyprinus carpio samples. The heavy metals concentrations in the samples were within the acceptable recommended standards. But, elevating levels of heavy metals in water and fish made a serious concern about ecosystem and food chain contamination. It is recommended that protective authorities should carry out a continual assessment on the levels of pollutants in the sea.


Heavy metal Contamination Fish Water Caspian Sea