European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 127, Issue 4, pp 465–481

Soil type, management history, and soil amendments influence the development of soil-borne (Rhizoctonia solani, Pythium ultimum) and air-borne (Phytophthora infestans, Hyaloperonospora parasitica) diseases

Authors

    • Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)
  • Barbara Thürig
    • Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)
  • Christian Bruns
    • University of Kassel
  • Jacques G. Fuchs
    • Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)
  • Ulrich Köpke
    • Institute of Organic AgricultureUniversity of Bonn
  • Matias Laustela
    • Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)
    • FriedliPartner AG
  • Carlo Leifert
    • Nafferton Ecological Farming Group (NEFG)University of Newcastle
  • Nicole Mahlberg
    • Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)
  • Bruno Nietlispach
    • Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)
  • Christoph Schmidt
    • Nafferton Ecological Farming Group (NEFG)University of Newcastle
  • Felix Weber
    • Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)
  • Andreas Fließbach
    • Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10658-010-9612-2

Cite this article as:
Tamm, L., Thürig, B., Bruns, C. et al. Eur J Plant Pathol (2010) 127: 465. doi:10.1007/s10658-010-9612-2

Abstract

The impact of soil type, long-term soil management, and short-term fertility input strategies on the suppressiveness of soils against soil-borne (Ocimum basilicumRhizoctonia solani, Lepidium sativumPythium ultimum) as well as air-borne (Lycopersicon esculentumPhytophthora infestans, Arabidopsis thalianaHyaloperonospora parasitica) diseases was studied. Soils from field trials established in five European sites with contrasting pedo-climatic conditions were examined. Sites included (i) a long-term management field trial comparing organic and conventional farming systems (DOK-trial, Therwil, Switzerland) (ii) a short-term fertility input field trial comparing mineral and organic matter fertilisation regimes (Bonn (BON), Germany) (iii) two short-term fertility input field trials (Stockbridge (STC) and Tadcaster (TAD), UK) comparing the impact of farmyard manure, composted farmyard manure, and chicken manure pellet amendements and (iv) soil from a site used as a reference (Reckenholz (REC), Switzerland). Soil type affected disease suppressiveness of the four pathosystems signficantly, indicating that soils can not only affect the development of soil-borne, but also the resistance of plants to air-borne diseases at relevant levels. Suppressiveness to soil- and air-borne diseases was shown to be affected by soil type, but also by long-term management as well as short-term fertility inputs.

Keywords

Ocimum basilicum Lepidium sativum Lycopersicon esculentum Arabidopsis thaliana Soil characteristics

Copyright information

© KNPV 2010