Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 745–755

Arsenic concentration in rice, fish, meat and vegetables in Cambodia: a preliminary risk assessment

Authors

    • Department of Microbial and Biochemical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical SciencesSun Yat-sen University
    • Department of Biology, Croucher Institute for Environmental SciencesHong Kong Baptist University
  • Suthipong Sthiannopkao
    • Department of Environmental Engineering, College of EngineeringDong-A University
  • Zhuo-Jia Chen
    • Department of Microbial and Biochemical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical SciencesSun Yat-sen University
  • Yu-Bon Man
    • Department of Biology, Croucher Institute for Environmental SciencesHong Kong Baptist University
  • Jun Du
    • Department of Microbial and Biochemical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical SciencesSun Yat-sen University
  • Guang-Hua Xing
    • Department of Biology, Croucher Institute for Environmental SciencesHong Kong Baptist University
  • Kyoung-Woong Kim
    • School of Environmental Science and EngineeringGwangju Institute of Science and Technology
  • Mohamed Salleh Mohamed Yasin
    • United Nations University-International Institute for Global Health
  • Jamal Hisham Hashim
    • United Nations University-International Institute for Global Health
    • Department of Biology, Croucher Institute for Environmental SciencesHong Kong Baptist University
    • School of Environment and ResourcesZhejiang Agriculture and Forestry University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10653-013-9532-0

Cite this article as:
Wang, H., Sthiannopkao, S., Chen, Z. et al. Environ Geochem Health (2013) 35: 745. doi:10.1007/s10653-013-9532-0

Abstract

To assess arsenic contaminations and its possible adverse health effects, food samples were collected from Kandal, Kratie and Kampong Cham in Cambodia. The highest and the lowest concentrations were observed in fish (mean 2,832 ng g−1, ww) collected from Kandal province and cattle stomach (1.86 ± 1.10 ng g−1, ww) collected from Kratie, respectively. The daily intake of arsenic via food consumption was 604, 9.70 and 136 μg day−1 in Kandal, Kratie and Kampong Cham, respectively. The arsenic dietary intake in Kandal ranked No. 1 among all the 17 compared countries or regions. Fish consumption contributed the greatest proportion of total arsenic daily intake in Kandal (about 63.0 %) and Kampong Cham (about 69.8 %). It is revealed to be a much more important exposure pathway than drinking water for residents in Kampong Cham. The results of risk assessment suggested that the residents in Cambodia, particularly for people in Kandal province, suffer high public health risks due to consuming arsenic-contaminated food.

Keywords

Arsenic (As)Food consumptionCambodiaDietary intakeRisk assessment

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013