Early Childhood Education Journal

, Volume 38, Issue 6, pp 439-448

First online:

Circle Time: An Exploratory Study of Activities and Challenging Behavior in Head Start Classrooms

  • Hasan Y. ZaghlawanAffiliated withUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Email author 
  • , Michaelene M. OstroskyAffiliated withUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

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The purpose of this descriptive study was to examine circle time activities in eight Head Start classrooms. A total of 7 h of observations occurred in eight classrooms. Songs and academic activities were the most frequently occurring activities. Challenging behavior during circle time also was examined. The three activities with the highest frequency of challenging behavior were roll call, discussion, and calendar routines. Limitations of the study along with implications for research and practice are presented.


Challenging behavior Head Start Circle time