Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Alston, J (2000). Correlation between childhood bipolar I disorder and reactive attachment disorder, disinhibited type. In T. Levy (Ed.), Handbook of attachment interventions (pp. 193–242). California: Academic Press.
Allen, J. (2001). Traumatic relationships and serious mental disorders. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington DC: Author.
Applegate, J., & Shapiro, J. (2005). Neurobiology for clinical social work: Theory and practice. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.
Atkinson, L., & Zucker, K. (1997). Attachment & psychopathology. New York, NY: Guildford Press.
Benedict, H., & Mongoven, L. (1997). Thematic play therapy: An approach to treatment of attachment disorders in young children. In: H. Kaduson, D. Cangelosi, & C. Schaefer (Eds.), The playing cure: Individualized play therapy for specific childhood problems (pp. 277–315). Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.
Boris, N., & Zeanah, C. (1999). Disturbances and disorders of attachment in infancy: An overview. Infant Mental Health Journal
Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and loss: Attachment, (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.
Byrne, J. (2003). Referral biases and diagnostic dilemmas. Attachment & Human Development,
Carlson, E. (1998). A prospective longitudinal study of attachment disorganization/disorientation. Child Development,
Cloitre, M., Koenen, K., Cohen, L., & Han, H. (2002). Skill training in affective and interpersonal regulation followed by exposure: A phase-based treatment for PTSD related to childhood abuse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,
Cooper, G., Hoffman, K., Powell, B., & Marvin, R. (2005). The circle of security intervention: Differential diagnosis and differential treatment. In L. Berlin, Y. Ziv, L. Amaya-Jackson, & M. Greenberg (Eds.), Enhancing early attachments. New York: The Guilford Press.
Dozier, M., Lindhiem, O., & Ackerman, J. (2005). Attachment and biobehavioral catch-up: An intervention targeting empirically identified needs of foster infants. In L. Berlin, Y. Ziv, L. Amaya-Jackson, & M. Greenberg (Eds.), Enhancing early attachments. New York: The Guilford Press.
Dozier, M., & Sepulveda, S. (2004). Foster mother state of mind and treatment use: Different challenges for different people. Infant Mental Health, 25
Dozier, M., & Tyrell, C. (1998). The role of attachment in therapeutic relationships. In J. Simpson & W. S. Rhodes (Eds.), Attachment theory and close relationships (pp. 221–248). New York: The Guildford Press.
Drisko, J. & Zilberstein, K. (in press). What works in treating reactive attachment disorder? Parent’s perspectives. Families in Society.
Fish, B., & Dudas, K. (1999). The relevance of attachment research for adult narratives told in psychotherapy. Clinical Social Work Journal, 27
Fonagy, P., & Target, M. (2002). Early intervention and the development of self- regulation. Psychoanalytic Inquiry
, 22(3), 307–335.CrossRef
Ford, J. (2005). Treatment implications of altered affect regulation and information processing following child maltreatment. Psychiatric Annals, 35(5), 410–419.
Green, J., & Goldwyn, R. (2002). Annotation: Attachment disorganization and psychopathology: new findings in attachment research and their potential implications for developmental psychopathology in childhood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43
Gubman, N. (2004). Disorganized attachment: A compass for navigating the confusing behavior of the “difficult-to-treat” patient. Clinical Social Work Journal, 32
Heller, S., Boris, N., Fuselier, S., Page, T., Koren-Karie, N., & Miron, D. (2006). Reactive attachment disorder in maltreated twins follow-up: From 18 months to 8 years. Attachment & Human Development, 8
Hopkins, J. (2000). Overcoming a child’s resistance to late adoption: How one new attachment can facilitate another. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 26
Howe, D., & Fearnley, S. (2003). Disorders of attachment in adopted and fostered children: Recognition and treatment. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 8
Hughes, D. (2004). An attachment-based treatment of maltreated children and young people. Attachment and Human Development, 6
Kerns, K., & Richardson R. (Eds.). (2005). Attachment in middle childhood. New York: Guildford Press.
Kim, J., & Cicchetti, D. (2003). Social self-efficacy and behavior problems in maltreated and nonmaltreated children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32
Kinniburgh, K., Blaustein, M., Spinazzola, J., & van der Kolk, B. (2005). Attachment, self-regulation, and competency: A comprehensive framework for children with complex trauma. Psychiatric Annals, 35(5), 424–430.
Lieberman, A. (2003). The treatment of attachment disorder in infancy and early childhood: Reflections from clinical intervention with later-adopted foster care children. Attachment & Human Development, 5
Lieberman, A., & Pawl, J. (1990). Disorders of attachment and secure base behavior in the second year of life. In M. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E. Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years (pp. 375–397). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Main, M. (2000). The organized categories of infant, child, and adult attachment: Flexible vs. inflexible attention under attention-related stress. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 48, 1055–1096
Main, M., & Solomon, J. (1990). Procedures for identifying infants as disorganized/disoriented during the strange situation. In M.T. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E.M. Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research and intervention (pp. 121–160). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Milan, S., & Pinderhughes, E. (2000). Factors influencing maltreated children’s early adjustment in foster care. Development and Psychopathology, 12
Minde, K. (1999). Mediating attachment patterns during a serious medical illness. Infant Mental Health Journal, 20
O’Connor, T., Rutter, M., & The E.R.A Study Team. (2000). Attachment disorder behavior following early severe deprivation: Extension and longitudinal follow-up. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39(6), 703–712.
O’Connor, T., & Zeanah, C. (2003). Attachment disorders: Assessment strategies and treatment approaches. Attachment & Human Development, 5
Oppenheim, D., Goldsmith, D., & Koren-Karie, N. (2004). Maternal insightfulness and preschooler’s emotion and behavior problems: Reciprocal influences in a therapeutic preschool program. Infant Mental Health, 25
Page, T. (1999). The attachment partnership as conceptual base for exploring the impact of child maltreatment. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 16
Peck, S. (2003). Measuring sensitivity moment-by-moment: A microanalytic look at the transmission of attachment. Attachment and Human Development, 5
Perry, BD, & Pollard, R. (1998). Homeostasis, stress, trauma and adaptation: A neurodevelopmental view of childhood trauma. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 7(1), 3–51.
Post, R., Findling, R., & Kowatch, R. (2006). Earlier recognition and treatment of prepubertal-onset bipolar disorder. Psychiatric Annals, 36(9), 630–636.
Ryan, V. (2004). Adapting non-directive play therapy for children with attachment disorders. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 9
Schore, A. (1997). Early organization of the nonlinear right brain and development of a predisposition to psychiatric disorders. Development and Psychopathology, 9
Shilkret, C. (2005). Some clinical applications of attachment theory in adult psychotherapy. Clinical Social Work Journal, 33
Slade, A. (2004). The move from categories to process: Attachment phenomena and clinical evaluation. Infant Mental Health Journal, 25
Slade, A., Sadler, L., & Mayes, L. (2005). Minding the baby: Enhancing parental reflective functioning in a nursing/mental health home visiting program. In L. Berlin, Y. Ziv, L. Amaya-Jackson, & M. Greenberg (Eds.), Enhancing early attachments. New York: The Guilford Press.
Solomon J., & George C. (Eds.) (1999). Attachment disorganization. New York: Guilford Press.
Sroufe, L., Carlson, E., Levy, A., & Egeland, B. (1999). Implications of attachment theory for developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 11
Steele, M., Hodges, J., Kaniuk, J., Hillman, S., & Henderson, K. (2003). Attachment representation and adoption: Associations between maternal states of mind and emotion narratives in previously maltreated children. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 29
Streeck-Fischer, A., & van der Kolk, B. (2000). Down will come baby, cradle and all: Diagnostic and therapeutic implications of chronic trauma on child development. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 34
Stubenbort, K., Greeno, C., Mannarino, A., & Cohen, J. (2002). Attachment quality and post-treatment functioning following sexual trauma in young adolescents: A case series presentation. Clinical Social Work Journal, 30
van Ijzendoorn, M., & Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. (2003). Attachment disorders and disorganized attachment: Similar and different. Attachment & Human Development, 5
Zeanah, C., & Smyke A. (2005). Building attachment relationships following maltreatment and severe deprivation. In L. Berlin, Y. Ziv, L. Amaya-Jackson, & M. Greenberg (Eds.), Enhancing early attachments. New York: The Guilford Press.
Zilberstein, K. (2006). Clarifying core characteristics of attachment disorders: A review of current research and theory. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76