The cultural limits on uniformity and formalism in the German penal code
- Shawn Marie Boyne
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The defense attorneys who come [here] from other areas [of the country] would say that our sentences are too harsh. . . When I [sitting as a judge] asked a prosecutor why he was recommending such a strict sentence, he told me that he had a strict father. His father told him that if you want to be a good person, you have to work hard. . . It was his strict upbringing.
Judge Interview [5CK], May 4, 2006. In order to protect the anonymity of my interview subjects, I use numerical and alphabetic codes to identify interview sources.
Here, in this large city, we dismiss many cases that would proceed to trial in a mid-size city that is located a mere 30 km from here. It is a question of resources.
General Prosecutor Interview [16PP], April 30, 2008.
There are relationships between the police, prosecutors, and judges. . [T]he history of sentencing establishes a certain culture in a state. This culture is also influenced by political factors. For example, the political culture in Bavaria is extreme ...
- Albrecht, P.-A. (2009) Could an independent judiciary be a counterbalance to the erosion of European principles of criminal law? In P.-A. Albrecht and Sir J. Thomas (Eds.), Strengthen the judiciary’s independence in Europe (pp 19–37) at 27. Cambridge: Intersentia.
- Blankenburg, E. (1998). Patterns of legal culture: The Netherlands compared to neighboring Germany. American Journal of Comparative Law, 46(1–41), 2.
- Borneman, J. (1993). uniting the German nation: law, narrative, and historicity. American Ethnologist. 20(2), 288–311, at 290.
- Boyne, S. (2008). Prosecutorial discretion in Germany’s Rechtsstaat: Varieties of Practice and the Pursuit of Truth. pp. 28–34. Ann Arbor, Michigan: PROQUEST. UMI No. 3294054.
- Claes, E., & Krolikowski, M. (89–107) (2010). The Limits of Legality in the Criminal Law. in Facing the Limits of the Law. New York: Springer.
- Colin, P. (2001). Die Geburt der Staatsanwaltschaft in Preußen.“ 12 FORUM HISTORIAESE IURIS, 28, (12. März 2001). Available online at http://www.rewi.hu-berlin.de/online/fhi/articles/0103collin.
- Damaška, M. (1986) The faces of justice and state authority: a comparative approach to the legal process (p.85, n. 5). New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Dubber, M. (2005). The promise of German criminal law: a science of crime and punishment. 6 German Law Journal 1049, 1049–1072, 1051.
- Finnemore, M. and Sikkink, K. (1998) International Norm Dynamics and Political Change, International Organization, 52(4), 887–917, p. 891.
- Foster, N., & Sule, S. (2010). German legal system and laws (4th ed., pp. 189–114). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Frank, C. (2009). Judicial self-governance: a role model for Germany. In P. Albrecht & Sir J.Thomas (Eds.), Strengthen the judiciary’s independence in Europe (pp 97–109 at 99). Cambridge: Intersentia.
- Fybel, R.D.(2011). The Absence of Judicial Ethics and Impartiality: The German Legal System, 1933–1945. In M.K. Darmer & R.D. Fybel (Eds.) National Security, Civil Liberties, and the War on Terror (pp 25–37 at 31). Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books.
- Glanert, S. (2008). Speaking language to law: the case of Europe. Legal Studies, 28(2), 161–171, at 162.
- Goldstein, A.S., & Marcus, M. (1977). The myth of judicial supervision in three "inquisitorial" systems: France, Italy, and Germany. Yale Law Journal, 87(2), 240–283 at 240.
- Green, A. (2003). The federal alternative? A new view of modern German history. The Historical Journal 46, No. 1 (March 2003),187-202, at 200.
- Gunlicks, A. (1994). German Federalism after Unification: The Legal/Constitutional Response. Publius: The Journal of Federalism 24, 81–98, at 83.
- Hildebrandt, M. (2007). European criminal law and criminal identity. Criminal Law and Philosophy (1), 57–78, 58.
- Jackson, J. (2004). The effect of legal culture and proof in decisions to prosecute, Law, Probability, and Risk, 3, 109–131, 115.
- Justiz auf einen Blick. (2011), Statisiches Bundesamt. http://www.destatis.de/jetspeed/portal/cms/Sites/destatis/Internet/DE/Content/Publikationen/Fachveroeffentlichungen/Rechtspflege/JustizBlick,property=file.pdf. Accessed 5 July 2011.
- Keiser, T. (2005). Europeanization as a Challenge to Legal History, German Law Journal 6(2), 473–481, 475.
- Langbein, J. H. (1979). Land without plea bargaining: how the Germans do it. Michigan Law Review, 78(2), 204–225. CrossRef
- Miller, R. (2001). Germany's Party Finance Scandal "Ends" With Kohl's Plea Bargain and Too Many Unanswered Questions, German Law Journal, (15 March 2001). Available at: www.germanlawjournal.com/article.php?id=60
- Müller, J. (2007). Constitutional Patriotism. p. 2. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
- Oeter, S. (2006). “Federal Republic of Germany,” in Legislative, Executive, And Judicial Governance in Federal Countries. In J. Kincaid, C. Saunders, & K. L. Roy (Eds.), International Association of Centers for Federal Studies, Forum of Federations (pp. 136–165). Montreal: McGill-Queen's Press.
- Pfeiffer, C. et al. (2004, June 10). Causes of divergent developments in imprisonment rates. Interview with Dr. C. Pfeiffer. Kriminologisches Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen e.V.. Hannover, Niedersachsen.
- Reuband,K.-H. (2008). Wie punitive sind die Ostdeutschen? Sanktionseinstellungen and Strafphilosophie der Ost- und Westdeutschen im Vergleich. Monatschrift fuer Kriminologie und Strafrechtsreform, 91, 144–155 at 152.
- Teil, R. (2006, May 25). Zu wenige Staatsanwälte, zu viel Korruption: Eine Űbersicht von Transparency International. Interview with Michael Wiehen. Referring to R. Zu wenige Staatsanwälte, zu viel Korruption - Zusammenfassung des Umfrageergebnisses. April 2003. TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL DEUTSCHLAND e.V. http://www.transparency.de/Zu-wenige-Staatsanwaelte-zu.440.98.html.
- Rosen, L. (2006). Law as culture: An invitation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
- Roxin, C. (1997). Zur Rechtstellung der Staatsanwaltschaft damals und heute, 3 DRiZ 109, 113.
- Sessar, K. (1997). Prosecutorial discretion in Germany. In W. McDonald (Ed.), The prosecutor (pp. 255–276). Beverly Hills: Sage.
- Schram, G. (1971). Ideology and politics: the Rechtsstaat idea in West Germany. The Journal of Politics, 33, 133–157. CrossRef
- StPO (The German Code of Criminal Procedure). Strafprozeβordnung (Criminal Procedure Code) (StPO) Code of Criminal Procedure in the version published on 7 April 1987 (Federal Law Gazette [Bundesgesetzblatt] Part I p. 1074, 1319), as most recently amended by Article 2 of the Act of 22 December 2010 (Federal Law Gazette [Bundesgesetzblatt] Part I p. 2300). http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/stpo/
- Weigend, T. (2008). The decay of the inquisitorial ideal: plea bargaining invades German criminal procedure. In J. Jackson, M. Langer, & P. Tillers (Eds.), Procedure and evidence in a comparative and international context: Essays in honour of Professor Mirjan Damaska (pp. 39–64). Oxford: Hart Publishing.
- Weisburd, D., Bruinsma, G. J. N., & Bernasco, W. (2009). Units of analysis in geographic criminology: Historical development, critical issues, and open questions. In D. Weisburd et al. (Eds.), Putting crime in its place (pp. 3–31). New York: Springer. CrossRef
- Wetzels, P., & Pfeiffer, C. (1996). Regionale Unterschiede der Kriminalitätsbelastung in Westdeutschland: Zur Kontroverse um ein Nord-Süd-Gefälle der Kriminalität. KFN Forschungsberichte Nr. 52.
- Wintgens, L. (2010) From law without a science to legal science without the legislator: the German historical school and the foundation of the law. Statute Law Review 31 (June 2010)(pp. 85–100), at 97.
- The cultural limits on uniformity and formalism in the German penal code
Crime, Law and Social Change
Volume 58, Issue 3 , pp 251-293
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law, 530 West Street, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA