Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 446–455

Distress Tolerance, Emotion Dysregulation, and Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms Among HIV+ Individuals

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10608-012-9497-9

Cite this article as:
Brandt, C.P., Zvolensky, M.J. & Bonn-Miller, M.O. Cogn Ther Res (2013) 37: 446. doi:10.1007/s10608-012-9497-9

Abstract

The current study examined the mediational effects of emotion dysregulation in terms of the relation between perceived distress tolerance and anxiety and depressive symptoms among HIV+ individuals. Participants included 176 HIV+ adults (21.6 % female, Mage = 48.40 years, SD = 8.66). Results indicated that distress tolerance was significantly related to greater depressive and anxiety symptoms. Results also indicated that emotion dysregulation mediated this association. The observed findings were evident above and beyond the variance accounted for by CD4 T-cell count, ethnicity, gender, education level, and cannabis use status. The results are discussed in terms of the potential explanatory utility of perceived distress tolerance and emotion dysregulation in terms of psychological well-being among HIV+ individuals.

Keywords

Emotion dysregulationDistress toleranceHIVAIDSAnxietyDepression

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Center of Excellence in Substance Abuse Treatment and EducationPhiladelphia VA Medical CenterPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.National Center for PTSD and Center for Health Care EvaluationVA Palo Alto Health Care SystemMenlo ParkUSA