Constitutional Political Economy

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 231–248

Regulation and shadow economy: empirical evidence for 25 OECD-countries

Authors

    • Cologne Institute for Economic Research
    • Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of Cologne
    • University of Applied Science-Cologne
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10602-009-9081-9

Cite this article as:
Enste, D.H. Const Polit Econ (2010) 21: 231. doi:10.1007/s10602-009-9081-9

Abstract

New empirical findings for the impact of regulations on economic activities in the shadow economy are presented here. A comprehensive regulation index covering major fields (e.g. labour and product market regulation and the quality of institutions) has been used to analyze the relationship between the density of regulations and the size of shadow economies. The empirical results from 25 OECD countries for the time period 1995–2005 show that—apart from tax burden and tax moral—main causes for the development of the size of shadow economies are labour and product market regulations, overall regulations and poor quality of official public institutions and administration. These findings can provide additional information on policy measures to tackle the problem of growing shadow economies.

Keywords

RegulationQuality of institutionsShadow economyUnderground economyRandom effects models

JEL Classification

O17K42J22H26

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009