Short Communication

Conservation Genetics

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 909-914

mtDNA indicates profound population structure in Indian tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)

  • Reeta SharmaAffiliated withUnit of Evolutionary Biology/Systematic Zoology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of PotsdamWildlife Institute of India
  • , Heiko StuckasAffiliated withUnit of Evolutionary Biology/Systematic Zoology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam
  • , Ranjana BhaskarAffiliated withWildlife Institute of India
  • , Sandeep RajputAffiliated withWildlife Institute of India
  • , Imran KhanAffiliated withWildlife Institute of India
  • , Surendra Prakash GoyalAffiliated withWildlife Institute of India
  • , Ralph TiedemannAffiliated withUnit of Evolutionary Biology/Systematic Zoology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam Email author 

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Abstract

We analyzed mtDNA polymorphisms (parts of control region, ND5, ND2, Cytb, 12S, together 902 bp) in 59 scat and 18 tissue samples from 13 Indian populations of the critically endangered Indian tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), along with zoo animals as reference. Northern tiger populations exhibit two unique haplotypes suggesting genetic isolation. Western populations from Sariska (extinct in 2004) and Ranthambore are genetically similar, such that Ranthambore could serve as a source for reintroduction in Sariska. Zoo populations maintain mitochondrial lineages that are rare or absent in the wild.

Keywords

Conservation Indian tiger mtDNA Population genetics Scat