Article

Climatic Change

, Volume 109, Issue 1, pp 163-190

Evolution of anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions of air pollutants at global and regional scales during the 1980–2010 period

  • Claire GranierAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLNOAA Earth System Research LaboratoryCooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of ColoradoMax Planck Institute for Meteorology Email author 
  • , Bertrand BessagnetAffiliated withINERIS
  • , Tami BondAffiliated withUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • , Ariela D’AngiolaAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSL
  • , Hugo Denier van der GonAffiliated withTNO Built Environment and Geosciences
  • , Gregory J. FrostAffiliated withNOAA Earth System Research LaboratoryCooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado
  • , Angelika HeilAffiliated withForschungszentrum Juelich
  • , Johannes W. KaiserAffiliated withEuropean Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
  • , Stefan KinneAffiliated withMax Planck Institute for Meteorology
    • , Zbigniew KlimontAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLInternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
    • , Silvia KlosterAffiliated withMax Planck Institute for Meteorology
    • , Jean-François LamarqueAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLNational Center for Atmospheric Research
    • , Catherine LiousseAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLLaboratoire d’Aérologie
    • , Toshihiko MasuiAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLNational Institute for Environmental Studies
    • , Frederik MeleuxAffiliated withINERIS
    • , Aude MievilleAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLLaboratoire d’Aérologie
    • , Toshimasa OharaAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLNational Institute for Environmental Studies
    • , Jean-Christophe RautAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSL
    • , Keywan RiahiAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLInternational Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
    • , Martin G. SchultzAffiliated withForschungszentrum Juelich
    • , Steven J. SmithAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLPacific Northwest National Laboratory
    • , Allison ThompsonAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLPacific Northwest National Laboratory
    • , John van AardenneAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLEuropean Environment Agency
    • , Guido R. van der WerfAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLVU University Amsterdam
    • , Detlef P. van VuurenAffiliated withUPMC University Paris 06, UMR8190, CNRS/INSU, LATMOS-IPSLNetherlands Environmental Assessment AgencyUtrecht University

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Abstract

Several different inventories of global and regional anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions are assessed for the 1980–2010 period. The species considered in this study are carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide and black carbon. The inventories considered include the ACCMIP historical emissions developed in support of the simulations for the IPCC AR5 assessment. Emissions for 2005 and 2010 from the Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) are also included. Large discrepancies between the global and regional emissions are identified, which shows that there is still no consensus on the best estimates for surface emissions of atmospheric compounds. At the global scale, anthropogenic emissions of CO, NOx and SO2 show the best agreement for most years, although agreement does not necessarily mean that uncertainty is low. The agreement is low for BC emissions, particularly in the period prior to 2000. The best consensus is for NOx emissions for all periods and all regions, except for China, where emissions in 1980 and 1990 need to be better defined. Emissions of CO need better quantification in the USA and India for all periods; in Central Europe, the evolution of emissions during the past two decades needs to be better determined. The agreement between the different SO2 emissions datasets is rather good for the USA, but better quantification is needed elsewhere, particularly for Central Europe, India and China. The comparisons performed in this study show that the use of RCP8.5 for the extension of the ACCMIP inventory beyond 2000 is reasonable, until more global or regional estimates become available. Concerning biomass burning emissions, most inventories agree within 50–80%, depending on the year and season. The large differences between biomass burning inventories are due to differences in the estimates of burned areas from the different available products, as well as in the amount of biomass burned.