Article

Climatic Change

, Volume 110, Issue 3, pp 649-668

A simple model to account for regional inequalities in the effectiveness of solar radiation management

  • Juan B. Moreno-CruzAffiliated withDepartment of Economics, University of CalgaryEnergy and Environmental Systems Group, Institute for Sustainable Energy Environment and Economy, University of Calgary Email author 
  • , Katharine L. RickeAffiliated withDepartment of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University
  • , David W. KeithAffiliated withEnergy and Environmental Systems Group, Institute for Sustainable Energy Environment and Economy, University of Calgary

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Abstract

We present a simple model to account for the potential effectiveness of solar radiation management (SRM) in compensating for anthropogenic climate change. This method provides a parsimonious way to account for regional inequality in the assessment of SRM effectiveness and allows policy and decision makers to examine the linear climate response to different SRM configurations. To illustrate how the model works, we use data from an ensemble of modeling experiments conducted with a general circulation model (GCM). We find that an SRM scheme optimized to restore population-weighted temperature changes to their baseline compensates for 99% of these changes while an SRM scheme optimized for population-weighted precipitation changes compensates for 97% of these changes. Hence, while inequalities in the effectiveness of SRM are important, they may not be as severe as it is often assumed.