Climatic Change

, Volume 106, Issue 1, pp 93–127

Developing coastal adaptation to climate change in the New York City infrastructure-shed: process, approach, tools, and strategies


    • NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies
  • William D. Solecki
    • Hunter College of City University of New York
  • Reginald Blake
    • City University of New YorkNew York City College of Technology
  • Malcolm Bowman
    • State University of New YorkStony Brook
  • Craig Faris
    • Accenture
  • Vivien Gornitz
    • Columbia University
  • Radley Horton
    • Columbia University
  • Klaus Jacob
    • Columbia University
  • Alice LeBlanc
  • Robin Leichenko
    • Rutgers University
  • Megan Linkin
    • Swiss Reinsurance America Corporation
  • David Major
    • Columbia University
  • Megan O’Grady
    • Columbia University
  • Lesley Patrick
    • Hunter College of City University of New York
  • Edna Sussman
    • Sussman ADRLLC
  • Gary Yohe
    • Wesleyan University
  • Rae Zimmerman
    • New York University

DOI: 10.1007/s10584-010-0002-8

Cite this article as:
Rosenzweig, C., Solecki, W.D., Blake, R. et al. Climatic Change (2011) 106: 93. doi:10.1007/s10584-010-0002-8


While current rates of sea level rise and associated coastal flooding in the New York City region appear to be manageable by stakeholders responsible for communications, energy, transportation, and water infrastructure, projections for sea level rise and associated flooding in the future, especially those associated with rapid icemelt of the Greenland and West Antarctic Icesheets, may be outside the range of current capacity because extreme events might cause flooding beyond today’s planning and preparedness regimes. This paper describes the comprehensive process, approach, and tools for adaptation developed by the New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC) in conjunction with the region’s stakeholders who manage its critical infrastructure, much of which lies near the coast. It presents the adaptation framework and the sea-level rise and storm projections related to coastal risks developed through the stakeholder process. Climate change adaptation planning in New York City is characterized by a multi-jurisdictional stakeholder–scientist process, state-of-the-art scientific projections and mapping, and development of adaptation strategies based on a risk-management approach.

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© U.S. Government 2011