An Overview of Terrestrial Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide: the United States Department of Energy's Fossil Energy R&D Program
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Increasing concentrations of CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHG) in the Earth's atmosphere have the potential to enhance the natural greenhouse effect, which may result in climatic changes. The main anthropogenic contributors to this increase are fossil fuel combustion, land use conversion, and soil cultivation. It is clear that overcoming the challenge of global climate change will require a combination of approaches, including increased energy efficiency, energy conservation, alternative energy sources, and carbon (C) capture and sequestration. The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is sponsoring the development of new technologies that can provide energy and promote economic prosperity while reducing GHG emissions. One option that can contribute to achieving this goal is the capture and sequestration of CO2 in geologic formations. An alternative approach is C sequestration in terrestrial ecosystsems through natural processes. Enhancing such natural pools (known as natural sequestration) can make a significant contribution to CO2 management strategies with the potential to sequester about 290 Tg C/y in U.S. soils. In addition to soils, there is also a large potential for C sequestration in above and belowground biomass in forest ecosystems.
A major area of interest to DOE's fossil energy program is reclaimed mined lands, of which there may be 0.63 ×106 ha in the U.S. These areas are essentially devoid of soil C; therefore, they provide an excellent opportunity to sequester C in both soils and vegetation. Measurement of C in these ecosystems requires the development of new technology and protocols that are accurate and economically viable. Field demonstrations are needed to accurately determine C sequestration potential and to demonstrate the ecological and aesthetic benefits in improved soil and water quality, increased biodiversity, and restored ecosystems.
The DOE's research program in natural sequestration highlights fundamental and applied studies, such as the development of measurement, monitoring, and verification technologies and protocols and field tests aimed at developing techniques for maximizing the productivity of hitherto infertile soils and degraded ecosystems.
- Amonette, J. E., Kim, J. B., and Russell, C. K.: 2004, ‘Enhancement of soil carbon sequestration: A catalytic approach’, preprints, Division of Fuel, in 227th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Anaheim, CA.
- Barton, C. D., Graves, D., Sweigard, R., and Warner, R.: 2004, ‘Carbon sequestration and mineland reforestation’, in: 3rd Annual Carbon Capture and Sequestration Conference, Washington, DC, May 3–5, ExchangeMonitor Publications.
- Brodie, G. A., Bock, B. R., Fisher, L. S., Joslin, J. D., Kachelman, D. L., Maddox, J. J., Mays, P. A., Nicholas, N. S., Shelton, L. E., Taylor, H. N., and Goodrich-Mahoney, J.: 2005, ‘Carbon capture and water emissions treatment system (CCWESTRS) at fossil-fueled electric generating plants’, Annual Report (Oct. 2003–Sept. 2004), Award DE-FC26-00NT40930, Tennessee Valley Authority, Muscle Shoals, AL.
- Bronick, C. J., Lal, R. (2005) Soil structure and management: A review. Geoderma 124: pp. 3-22 CrossRef
- Brown, S., Pearson, T., Ambagis, S., Slaymaker, D., Moore, N., Novelo, D., and Sabido, W.: 2004, ‘Estimating the carbon stocks of a tropical savanna using a 3d aerial digital imagery system’, in Proceedings of the Ecological Society Annual Meeting 2004, Portland, OR.
- Brown, S., Pearson, T., Slaymaker, D., Ambagis, S., Moore, N., Novelo, D., and Sabido, W.: in press, ‘Creating a virtual tropical forest from three dimensional aerial imagery: Application for estimating carbon stocks’, Ecol. Appl.
- Burger, J. A. and Rodrigue, J. A.: 2003, ‘Carbon inventory of reforested mined lands in the Eastern United States: Preliminary results’, in Proceedings of DOE/NETL, 2nd Annual Conference on Carbon Sequestration, Washington, DC.
- Cremer, D. A.: 2004, ‘Characteristics of measurements of total carbon in soils with laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)’, in Proceedings of DOE/NETL, 3rd Annual Conference on Carbon Sequestration, Arlington, VA.
- Cremers, D. A., Ebinger, M. H., Breshears, D. D., Unkefer, P. J., Kammerdiener, S. A., Ferris, M. J., Catlett, K. M., Brown, J. R. (2001) Measuring total soil carbon with laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). J. Environ. Qual. 30: pp. 2202-2206 CrossRef
- Department of Energy: 2004, Carbon Sequestration Technology Roadmap and Program Plan, Office of Fossil Energy (www.fe.doe.gov/coal_power/sequestration).
- International Energy Outlook 2003. Washington, DC
- Ebinger, M. H., Norfleet, M. L., Breshears, D. D., Cremers, D. A., Ferris, M. J., Unkefer, P. J., Lamb, M. S., Goddard, K. L., Meyer, C. W. (2003) Extending the applicability of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for total soil carbon measurement. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 67: pp. 1616-1619 CrossRef
- Fessenden, J., Ebinger, M., and Unkefer, P.: 2004, ‘Coal mine tailings as soil amendment for increased plant growth’, in American Society of Agronomy Meeting, Seattle, WA, Nov. 1–4, 2004.
- Follett, R. F., Pruessner, E. G., Samson-Liebig, S. E., Kimble, J. M., and Waltman, S. W.: 2001, ‘Carbon Sequestration under the Conservation Reserve Program in the Historic Grasslands of the United States of America’, in: R. Lal (ed), Soil Carbon Sequestration and the Greenhouse Effect: Vol. 57. Soil Science Society of America Special Publication, American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.
- Houghton, J. T., Ding, Y., Griggs, D. J., Noguer, M., van der Linden, P. J., Dai, X., Maskell, K., and Johnson, C. A.: 2001, Intergovernmental panel on climate change, Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis, UK.
- Houghton, J. T., Meira Filho, L. G., Callander, B. A., Harris, N., Kettenbert, A., and Maskell, K. (eds): 1996, ‘Intergovernmental panel on climate change’, Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
- Huang, C., Kronrad, G. D. (2004) Economic analysis of carbon sequestration in Northern Red Oak in the United States. World Resourc. Rev. 16: pp. 147-156
- Huang, C., Bates, R., Kronrad, G. D., and Cheng, S.: 2004, ‘Economic Analysis of Carbon Sequestration in Loblolly Pine, Cherrybark Oak, and Northern Red Oak in the United States’, Environ. Manage. 33(Suppl).
- Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
- Janzen, H. H., Campbell, C. A., Gregorich, E. G., and Ellert, B. H.: 1997. ‘Soil Carbon Dynamics in Canadian Agroecosystems’, in: Lal, R., Kimble, J., and Follett, R. (eds), Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle: Advance Soil Science, CRC/Lewis, Boca Raton, FL.
- Klara, S. and Srivastava, R. D.: 2002, ‘Integrated collaborative technology development for CO2 separation and capture – U.S. Department of Energy RD&D’, Environ. Progress 21, 247.
- Klara, S., Srivastava, R. D., and McIlvried, H. G.: 2003, ‘Integrated collaborative technology development for CO2 sequestration in geologic formations – U.S. Department of Energy RD&D’, Energy Conversion Manage. 44, 2699.
- Lal, R. (2004) Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. Science 304: pp. 1623-1627 CrossRef
- Lal, R., Follett, R. F., Kimble, J. M. (2003) Achieving soil carbon sequestration in the U.S.: A challenge to the policy makers. Soil Sci. 168: pp. 827-845 CrossRef
- Lal, R., Kimble, J. M., Follett, R. F., and Cole, C. V.: 1998, The Potential of US Cropland to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect, Sleeping Bear Press, Ann Arbor, MI, p.128.
- Lal, R., Griffin, M., Apt, J., Lave, L., Morgan, M. G. (2004) Managing soil carbon. Science 304: pp. 393 CrossRef
- Metting, F. B., Smith, J. L., Amthor, J. S., Izaurralde, R. C. (2001) Science needs and new technology for increasing soil and carbon sequestration. Clim. Change 51: pp. 11-34 CrossRef
- NETL: 2004, Carbon Sequestration Project Portfolio avaiable at http://www.netl.doe.gov/coalpower/sequestration/index.html.
- Oldeman, L. R., Vanengelen, V. W. P. (1993) A world soils and terrain digital database (SOTER) – An improved assessment of land resources. Geoderma 60: pp. 309-325 CrossRef
- Palumbo, A. V., McCarthy, J. F., Amonette, J. E., Fisher, L. S., Wullschleger, S. D., Daniels, W. L. (2004) Prospects for enhancing carbon sequestration and reclamation of degraded lands with fossil-fuel combustion by-products. Adv. Environ. Res. 8: pp. 425-438 CrossRef
- Paustian, K., Andren, O., Janzen, H. H., Lal, R., Smith, P., Tian, G., Tiessen, H., Van Noordwijk, M., Woomer, P. L. (1997) Agricultural soils as a sink to mitigate CO2 emissions. Soil Use Manage. 13: pp. 230-244 CrossRef
- Post, W. M., Izaurralde, C., Jastrow, J. D., McCarl, B. A., Amonette, J. E., Bailey, V. L., Jardine, M., West, T. O., Zhou, J. (2004) Enhancement of carbon sequestration in U.S. soils. Bioscience 54: pp. 895-908 CrossRef
- Robertson, G. P., Paul, E. A., Harwood, R. R. (2000) Greenhouse gases in intensive agriculture: Contributions of individual gases to the radiative forcing of the atmosphere. Science 289: pp. 1922-1925 CrossRef
- Rodrigue, J. A., Burger, J. A. (2004) Forest soil productivity of mined land in the midwestern and eastern coalfield regions. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 68: pp. 833-844 CrossRef
- Shukla, M. K. and Lal, R.: 2004, ‘SOC sequestration rates for age chonosequence of reclaimed soils’, in Proceeding of DOE/NETL 3rd Annual Conference on Carbon Sequestration, Arlington, VA.
- Shukla, M. K., Lal, R., Ebinger, M. (2004) Soil quality indicators for reclaimed mine soils in Southeastern Ohio. Soil Sci. 169: pp. 133-142 CrossRef
- West, T. O., PLosst, W. M. (2002) Soil organic carbon sequestration rate by tillage and crop rotation: A global data analysis. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 66: pp. 1930-1946 CrossRef
- Wielopolski, L., Dioshegi, I., and Mitra, S.: 2004a, ‘MCNP estimate of the sampled volume in a non-destructive in situ soil carbon analysis’, in Proceedings of DOE/NETL 3rd Annual Conference on Carbon Sequestration, Arlington, VA, p. 1315.
- Wielopolski, L., Mitra, M., Hendrey, G., Orion, I., Prior, S., Rogers, H., Runion, B., and Torbert, A.: 2004b, ‘Non-destructive Soil Carbon Analyzer (ND-SCA)’, BNL Report No. 72200–2004.
- Wullschlegar, S. D., Segrest, S. A., Rockwood, D. L., and Garten, C. T.: 2004, ‘Enhancing soil carbon sequestration on phosphate mine lands in florida by planting short-rotation bioenergy crops’, in Proceedings of DOE/NETL 3rd Annual Conference on Carbon Sequestration, Arlington, VA.
- An Overview of Terrestrial Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide: the United States Department of Energy's Fossil Energy R&D Program
Volume 74, Issue 1-3 , pp 81-95
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. United States Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15236, U.S.A.
- 2. United States Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, West Virginia, 26507, U.S.A.
- 3. Science Applications International Corporation, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15236, U.S.A.