Original Article

Child Psychiatry & Human Development

, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp 445-454

Is Cyberbullying Related to Trait or State Anger?

  • Antonia LonigroAffiliated withDepartment of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza
  • , Barry H. SchneiderAffiliated withDepartment of Social Development and Mental Health, University of Ottawa
  • , Fiorenzo LaghiAffiliated withDepartment of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza Email author 
  • , Roberto BaioccoAffiliated withDepartment of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza
  • , Susanna PalliniAffiliated withDepartment of Educational Science, University of Rome III
  • , Thomas BrunnerAffiliated withCenter for Character Strength Investment (CSI)

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

Anger is a powerful emotion shared by victims and bullies in both physical and electronic forms of bullying. However, little is known about the specific roles of trait anger and state anger in involvement in bullying episodes. The purpose of this study was to verify which component of anger, trait or state, is more strongly related to physical and cyberbullying and victimization. Students between the ages 11–19 (N = 716, 392 female, 324 male) completed the state trait anger expression inventory-2 child and adolescent and a measure of victimization and bullying. Results for cyberbullying suggested a major vulnerability among bullies and victims to experience anger as a personality trait as well some links between state anger, cyberbullying and cybervictimization. Moreover, the outward, explosive expression of anger appears to be common among cyber and physical bullies. Implications for intervention programs are discussed.

Keywords

Bullying Cyberbullying Trait-anger State-anger Adolescence