Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 129–143

The Development of Anxiety Disorders: Considering the Contributions of Attachment and Emotion Regulation


    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Copenhagen
  • P. K. Bender
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Copenhagen
  • M. L. Reinholdt-Dunne
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Copenhagen
  • L. A. Munck
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Copenhagen
  • T. H. Ollendick
    • Department of Psychology, Child Study CenterVirginia Tech

DOI: 10.1007/s10567-011-0105-4

Cite this article as:
Esbjørn, B.H., Bender, P.K., Reinholdt-Dunne, M.L. et al. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev (2012) 15: 129. doi:10.1007/s10567-011-0105-4


Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood. Nonetheless, theoretical knowledge of the development and maintenance of childhood anxiety disorders is still in its infancy. Recently, research has begun to investigate the influence of emotion regulation on anxiety disorders. Although a relation between anxiety disorders and emotion regulation difficulties has been demonstrated, little attention has been given to the question of why anxious individuals have difficulties regulating their emotions. The present review examines the evidence of the link between emotion regulation and anxiety. It also explores the unique contributions of attachment style and dysfunctional emotion regulation to the development of anxiety disorders.


Emotion regulationAttachmentChildAnxiety

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011