Exploring the Role of Social Connectedness Among Military Youth: Perceptions from Youth, Parents, and School Personnel
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The increased stress on military families during wartime can be particularly difficult for adolescents. The current study employed 11 focus groups with military youth, parents, and school personnel working with military youth to better understand how youth and their families cope with stressors faced as result of living in a military family. An inductive approach was used for data analysis, where two coders and the lead author coded the transcripts until saturation was achieved. Matrices and data display models were developed to make comparisons across participant groups. Findings revealed that military youth are most worried about making frequent moves and having a parent deployed. However, youth and their parents who had better social connections to each other, their peers, and their neighborhoods appeared to make better adjustments to these challenges. School personnel reported that more military families needed to become aware of the services offered to help families cope effectively. Implications for future research and intervention programs for military youth and their families are discussed.
- Barber, B., & Schluterman, J. (2008). Connectedness in the lives of children and adolescents: A call for greater conceptual clarity. Journal of Adolescent Health, 43(3), 209–216. CrossRef
- Beam, M. R., Chen, C., & Greenberger, E. (2002). The nature of adolescents’ relationships with their “very important” nonparental adults. American Journal of Community Psychology, 30, 305–325. CrossRef
- Bernard, H. R. (1994). Research methods in anthropology: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Walnut Creek, CA: Sage.
- Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss. Vol. 1: Attachment. London, UK: Hogarth Press.
- Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University of Press.
- Cantwell, D. P. (1974). Prevalence of psychiatric disorder in a pediatric clinic for military dependent children. Journal of Pediatrics, 85, 711–714. CrossRef
- Catalano, R. F., Haggerty, K. P., Oesterle, S., Fleming, C. B., & Hawkins, J. (2004). The importance of bonding to school for healthy development: Findings from the Social Development Research Group. Journal of School Health, 74, 252–261. CrossRef
- Chartrand, M., & Siegel, G. (2007). At war in Iraq and Afghanistan: Children in US military families. Ambulatory Pediatrics, 7, 1–2. CrossRef
- Commission on Children at Risk. (2003). Hardwired to connect: The new scientific case for authoritative communities. New York: Institute for American Values.
- Compas, B. E., Connor-Smith, J. K., Saltzman, H., Thomsen, A. H., & Wadsworth, M. E. (2000). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence: Problems, progress, and potential in theory and research. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 87–127. CrossRef
- Corbin, A., & Strauss, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Cozza, S. J., Chun, R. S., & Polo, J. A. (2005). Military families and children during operation Iraqi Freedom. Psychiatric Quarterly, 76, 371–378. CrossRef
- Department of Veterans Affairs. (2005). Iraq and Afghanistan. Accessed online on May 24, 2007 at: http://www.nvf.org/facts.html.
- Drummet, A. R., Coleman, M., & Cable, S. (2003). Military families under stress: Implications for family life education. Family Relations, 52, 279–287. CrossRef
- Eccles, J., & Gootman, J. (Eds.). (2002). Community programs to promote youth development. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
- Hiew, C. C. (1992). Separated by their work: Families with fathers living apart. Environment and Behavior, 24, 206–225. CrossRef
- Hillebrand, E. D. (1976). Father absence in military families. The Family Coordinator, 25, 251–258.
- Jensen, P., Martin, D., & Watanabe, H. (1996). Children’s response to separation during Operation Desert Storm. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 433–441. CrossRef
- Jensen, P., & Shaw, J. (1996). The effects of war and parental deployment upon children and adolescents. In R. Ursano & A. Norwood (Eds.), Emotional aftermath of the Persian Gulf War: Veterans, families, and communities, and nations (pp. 83–109). Washington DC: American Psychiatric Press.
- Jensen, P., Watanabe, H. K., Richters, J. E., Cortes, R., Roper, M., & Liu, S. (1995). Prevalence of mental disorder in military children and adolescents: Findings from a two-stage community survey. Journal of the American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1514–1524. CrossRef
- Jensen, P., Xenakis, S. N., Wolf, P., Degroot, J., & Bain, M. (1991). The “military family syndrome” revisited: By the numbers. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 179, 102–107. CrossRef
- Kelley, M. L., Finkel, L. B., & Ashby, J. (2003). Geographic mobility, family, and maternal variables as related to the psychosocial adjustment of military children. Military Medicine, 168, 1019–1024.
- Kelley, M. L., Hock, E., Smith, K. M., Jarvis, M. S., Bonney, J. F., & Gaffney, M. A. (2001). Internalizing and externalizing behavior of children with enlisted Navy mothers experiencing military-induced separation. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(4), 464–471. CrossRef
- Krueger, R. A. (1994). Focus groups: A practical guide for applied research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- LaGrone, D. A. (1978). The military family syndrome. American Journal of Psychiatry, 135, 1040–1043.
- Lasser, J., & Adams, K. (2007). The effects of war on children: School psychologists’ role and function. School Psychology International, 28, 5–10. CrossRef
- Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.
- Lincoln, Y., & Guba, E. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- MacDermid, S. M., Samper, R., Schwarz, R., Nishida, J., & Nyaronga, D. (2008). Understand and promoting resilience in military families. West Lafayette, IN: Military Family Research Institute at Purdue University.
- Marchant, K., & Medway, E. (1987). Adjustment and achievement associated with mobility in military families. Psychology in the Schools, 24, 289–294. CrossRef
- McCubbin, H. I., Joy, C. B., Cauble, A. E., Comeau, J. K., Patterson, J. M., & Needle, R. H. (1980). Family stress and coping: A decade review. Journal of Marriage & Family, 42, 855–871. CrossRef
- McCubbin, H. I., & Patterson, J. (1982). Family strains. In H. McCubbin & A. Thompson (Eds.), Family assessment for research and practice. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin.
- McNeely, C. A., & Falci, C. (2004). School connectedness and the transition into and out of health-risk behavior among youth: A comparison of social belonging and teacher support. Journal of School Health, 74, 284–292. CrossRef
- McNeely, C. A., Nonnemaker, J. M., & Blum, R. W. (2002). Promoting school connectedness: Evidence from the national longitudinal study of adolescent health. Journal of School Health, 72, 138–146. CrossRef
- Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
- Morrison, J. (1981). Rethinking the military family syndrome. American Journal of Psychiatry, 138, 354–357.
- Office of Reserve Affairs. (2007, May). Personal and family readiness toolkit (3rd Ed.) Retrieved on September 23, 2007 from http://www.defenselink.mil/ra/documents/Family%20Readiness%20Toolkit%20061307.pdf.
- Orthner, D., Giddings, M., & Quinn, W. (1989). Youth in transition: A study of adolescents from Air Force and civilian families. Washington, DC: Department of the US Air Force.
- Rosen, L., Teitelbaum, J., & Westhuis, D. (1993). Children’s reactions to the Desert Storm deployment: Initial findings from a survey of Army families. Military Medicine, 158, 465–469.
- Rutter, M. (1993). Resilience: Some conceptual considerations. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 14, 626–631. CrossRef
- Scientific Software. (2004). Atlast.ti. Berlin, Germany: Author.
- Shaw, J. (1987). Children in the military. Psychiatric Annals, 17, 539–544.
- Shumaker, S. A., & Stokols, D. (1982). Residential mobility as a social issue and research topic. Journal of Social Issues, 38, 1–19. CrossRef
- Werkman, S. (1992). Resolved: Military family life is hazardous to the mental health of children. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 984–987. CrossRef
- White, J. H. (1976). An analysis of first-year referrals to a new military child psychiatry clinic. US Navy Medicine, 67, 18–21.
- Whitlock, J. (2006). Youth perceptions of life at school: Contextual correlates of school connectedness in adolescence. Applied Developmental Science, 10, 13–29. CrossRef
- Youngblade, L. M., Theokas, C., Schulenberg, J., Curry, L., Huang, I. C., & Novak, M. (2007). Risk and promotive factors in families, schools, and communities: A contextual model of positive youth development in adolescence. Pediatrics, 119(Suppl 1), S47–S53.
- Exploring the Role of Social Connectedness Among Military Youth: Perceptions from Youth, Parents, and School Personnel
Child & Youth Care Forum
Volume 39, Issue 5 , pp 351-366
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Social connectedness
- Military families
- Parent deployment
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA
- 2. Department of Mental Health and the Johns Hopkins Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA