Authentic Leadership and Behavioral Integrity as Drivers of Follower Commitment and Performance
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The literatures on both authentic leadership and behavioral integrity have argued that leader integrity drives follower performance. Yet, despite overlap in conceptualization and mechanisms, no research has investigated how authentic leadership and behavioral integrity relate to one another in driving follower performance. In this study, we propose and test the notion that authentic leadership behavior is an antecedent to perceptions of leader behavioral integrity, which in turn affects follower affective organizational commitment and follower work role performance. Analysis of a survey of 49 teams in the service industry supports the proposition that authentic leadership is related to follower affective organizational commitment, fully mediated through leader behavioral integrity. Next, we found that authentic leadership and leader behavioral integrity are related to follower work role performance, fully mediated through follower affective organizational commitment. These relationships hold when controlling for ethical organizational culture.
- Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1–18. CrossRef
- Avolio, B. J., & Gardner, W. L. (2005). Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of positive forms of leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 16, 315–338. CrossRef
- Avolio, B. J., Gardner, W. L., Walumbwa, F. O., Luthans, F., & May, D. R. (2004). Unlocking the mask: A look at the process by which authentic leaders impact follower attitudes and behaviors. The Leadership Quarterly, 15, 801–823. CrossRef
- Bakker, A. B., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2008). Positive organizational behaviour: Engaged employees in flourishing organizations. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 29, 147–154. CrossRef
- Bass, B. M., & Bass, R. (2008). The Bass handbook of leadership. Theory, research, & managerial applications. New York: Free Press.
- Bliese, P. D. (2000). Within-group agreement, non-independence, and reliability: Implications for data aggregation and analysis. In K. Klein & S. Kozlowski (Eds.), Multilevel theory, research, and methods in organizations. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
- Cooper, C. D., Scandura, T. A., & Schriesheim, C. A. (2005). Looking forward but learning from our past: Potential challenges to developing authentic leadership theory and authentic leaders. The Leadership Quarterly, 16, 475–493. CrossRef
- Dineen, B. R., Lewicki, R. J., & Tomlinson, E. C. (2006). Supervisory guidance and behavioral integrity: Relationships with employee citizenship and deviant behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 622–635. CrossRef
- Douglas, C., Ferris, G. F., & Perrewé, P. L. (2005). Leader political skill and authentic leadership. In W. L. Gardner, B. J. Avolio, & F. O. Walumbwa (Eds.), Authentic leadership theory and practice: Origins effects and development. Oxford: Elsevier.
- Driscoll, C., & McKee, M. (2007). Restorying a culture of ethical and spiritual values: A role for leader storytelling. Journal of Business Ethics, 73, 205–217. CrossRef
- Ferris, G. R., Treadway, D. C., Kolodinsky, R. W., Hochwarter, W. A., Kacmar, C. J., Douglas, C., et al. (2005). Development and validation of the political skill inventory. Journal of Management, 31, 126–152. CrossRef
- Ferris, G. R., Treadway, D. C., Perrewé, P. L., Brouer, R. L., Douglas, C., & Lux, S. (2007). Political skill in organizations. Journal of Management, 33, 290–320. CrossRef
- Gagné, M., & Deci, E. L. (2005). Self-determination theory and work motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 331–362. CrossRef
- Griffin, M., Neal, A., & Parker, S. (2007). A new model of work role performance: Positive behaviors in uncertain and interdependent contexts. Academy of Management Journal, 50, 327–347. CrossRef
- Grojean, M. W., Resick, C. J., Dickson, M. W., & Smith, D. B. (2004). Leaders, values and organizational climate: Examining leadership strategies for establishing an organizational climate regarding ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 55, 223–241. CrossRef
- Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef
- Jackson, K. T. (2005). Towards authenticity: A sartrean perspective on business ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 58, 307–325. CrossRef
- Kaptein, M. (2008). Developing and testing a measure for the ethical culture of organizations: The corporate ethical virtues model. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 29, 23–947. CrossRef
- Kernis, M. H. (2003). Toward a conceptualization of optimal self-esteem. Psychological Inquiry, 14, 1–26. CrossRef
- Kernis, M. H., & Goldman, M. B. (2006). A multicomponent conceptualization of authenticity: Theory and research. Advances in Experimental Psychology, 38, 283–357. CrossRef
- Kline, R. B. (2011). Convergence of structural equation modeling and multilevel modeling. In M. Williams (Ed.), Handbook of methodological innovation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Liedtka, J. (2007). Strategy making and the search for authenticity. Journal of Business Ethics, 80, 237–248. CrossRef
- Lindell, M., & Whitney, D. J. (2001). Accounting for common method variance in cross-sectional research designs. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 114–121. CrossRef
- Little, T. D., Cunningham, W. A., Shahar, G., & Widaman, K. F. (2002). To parcel or not to parcel: Exploring the question, weighing the merits. Structural Equation Modeling, 9, 151–173. CrossRef
- Luthans, F., & Youssef, C. M. (2007). Emerging positive organizational behavior. Journal of Management, 33, 321–349. CrossRef
- McDonald, R. P., & Ho, M. R. (2002). Principles and practices in reporting structural equation analyses. Psychological Methods, 7, 64–82. CrossRef
- Meyer, J. P., Allen, N. J., & Smith, C. A. (1993). Commitment to organizations and occupations—extension and test of a 3-component conceptualization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 538–551. CrossRef
- Meyer, J. P., Becker, T. E., & Vandenberghe, C. (2004). Employee commitment and motivation: A conceptual analysis and integrative model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 991–1007. CrossRef
- Meyer, J. P., & Gagné, M. (2008). Employee engagement from a self-determination theory perspective. Industrial and Organizational Perspectives, 1, 60–62. CrossRef
- Meyer, J. P., Stanley, D. K., Hersovitch, L., & Topolnytsky, L. (2002). Affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization: A meta-analysis of antecedents, correlates and consequences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61, 20–52. CrossRef
- Muthen, L. K., & Muthen, B. O. (2011). Mplus user’s guide (6th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthen & Muthen.
- Palanski, M. E., Kahai, S. S., & Yammarino, F. J. (2011). Team virtues and performance: An examination of transparency, behavioral integrity, and trust. Journal of Business Ethics, 99, 201–216. CrossRef
- Palanski, M. E., & Yammarino, F. J. (2007). Integrity and leadership: Clearing the conceptual confusion. European Management Journal, 25, 171–184. CrossRef
- Palanski, M. E., & Yammarino, F. J. (2011). Impact of behavioral integrity on follower job performance: A three-study examination. The Leadership Quarterly, 22, 765–786. CrossRef
- Podsakoff, P. M., Mackenzie, S. B., Lee, J., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879–903. CrossRef
- Simons, T. L. (1999). Behavioral integrity as a critical ingredient for transformational leadership. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 12, 89–104. CrossRef
- Simons, T. L. (2002). Behavioral integrity: The perceived alignment between managers’ words and deeds as a research focus. Organization Science, 13, 18–35. CrossRef
- Simons, T. L. (2008). The integrity dividend: Leading by the power of your word. Jossey Bass: San Francisco.
- Simons, T. L., Friedman, R., Liu, L. A., & McLean-Parks, J. (2007). Racial differences in sensitivity to behavioral integrity: Attitudinal consequences, in-group effects, and “trickle down” among black and non-black employees. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 650–665. CrossRef
- Simons, T. L., & McLean-Parks, J. (2000). The sequential impact of behavior integrity on trust, commitment, discretionary service behavior, customer satisfaction, and profitability. Paper presented at the annual Academy of Management Conference, Toronto, ON.
- Simons, T., Tomlinson, E., & Leroy, H. (2011). Research on behavioral integrity: A promising construct for positive organizational scholarship. In K. S. Cameron & G. M. Spreitzer (Eds.), Handbook of positive organizational scholarship. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
- Sparrowe, R. (2005). Authentic leadership and the narrative self. The Leadership Quarterly, 16(3), 419–439.
- Verbos, A. K., Gerard, J. A., Forshey, P. R., Harding, C. S., & Miller, J. S. (2007). The positive ethical organization: Enacting a living code of ethics and ethical organizational identity. Journal of Business Ethics, 76, 17–33. CrossRef
- Walumbwa, F. O., Avolio, B. J., Gardner, W. L., Wernsing, T. S., & Peterson, S. J. (2008). Authentic leadership: Development and analysis of a multidimensional theory-based measure. Journal of Management, 34, 89–126. CrossRef
- Walumbwa, F. O., Luthans, F., Avey, J., & Oke, A. (2011). Authentically leading groups: The mediating role of positivity and trust. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 34, 89–126.
- Walumbwa, F. O., Wang, P., Wang, H., Schaubroeck, J., & Avolio, B. J. (2010). Psychological processes linking authentic leadership to follower behaviors. The Leadership Quarterly, 21, 901–914. CrossRef
- Zhang, Z., Zyphur, M. J., & Preacher, K. J. (2009). Testing multilevel mediation using hierarchical linear models: Problems and solutions. Organizational Research Methods, 12, 695–719. CrossRef
- Authentic Leadership and Behavioral Integrity as Drivers of Follower Commitment and Performance
Journal of Business Ethics
Volume 107, Issue 3 , pp 255-264
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Affective organizational commitment
- Authentic leadership
- Behavioral integrity
- Ethical organizational culture
- Work role performance
- Industry Sectors