Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 105, Issue 4, pp 489–502

Do Muslims Believe More in Protestant Work Ethic than Christians? Comparison of People with Different Religious Background Living in the US


DOI: 10.1007/s10551-011-0981-z

Cite this article as:
Zulfikar, Y.F. J Bus Ethics (2012) 105: 489. doi:10.1007/s10551-011-0981-z


This study examines the work ethic characteristics of Protestant, Catholic, and Muslim people who are living in the US. People originally from Turkey were targeted under the Muslim group. Since a significant number of people selected “none” as their religious affiliation in the survey, this group has also been included in the final analysis. Eight hundred and three people (313 Protestants, 180 “none”, 96 Muslims, 86 Catholics, and 128 other) participated in this questionnaire study. The analyses revealed that Muslim Turks reported greater scores on four of the five Protestant work ethic (PWE) characteristics. Protestants scored higher than Catholics on all characteristics, but there was no significant difference.


The Protestant work ethicWork valuesReligiosityIslamic work ethicWorking in the USTurks



Univariate Analysis of Variance


Institutional Review Board


Multivariate Analysis of Variance


Protestant Work Ethic


University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA