Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 105, Issue 4, pp 415–428

Ethical Cultures in Large Business Organizations in Brazil, Russia, India, and China


    • Department of Organizational Leadership, Policy, and DevelopmentUniversity of Minnesota
  • Douglas Jondle
    • Center for Ethics Business Cultures, Opus College of BusinessUniversity of St. Thomas
  • Brenda Kowske
    • Kenexa Research Institute
  • Edgard Cornachione
    • University of Sao Paulo
  • Jessica Li
    • University of North Texas
  • Thomas Thakadipuram
    • St. Claret College

DOI: 10.1007/s10551-011-0976-9

Cite this article as:
Ardichvili, A., Jondle, D., Kowske, B. et al. J Bus Ethics (2012) 105: 415. doi:10.1007/s10551-011-0976-9


This study focuses on comparison of perceptions of ethical business cultures in large business organizations from four largest emerging economies, commonly referred to as the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, and China), and from the US. The data were collected from more than 13,000 managers and employees of business organizations in five countries. The study found significant differences among BRIC countries, with respondents from India and Brazil providing more favorable assessments of ethical cultures of their organizations than respondents from China and Russia. Overall, highest mean scores were provided by respondents from India, the US, and Brazil. There were significant similarities in ratings between the US and Brazil.


Ethical business cultureBusiness ethicsBRICsBrazilRussiaIndiaChinaUSA

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011