, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 703-717

The biochemistry, metabolism and inherited defects of the pentose phosphate pathway: A review

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Summary

The recent discovery of two defects (ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency and transaldolase deficiency) in the reversible part of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) has stimulated interest in this pathway. In this review we describe the functions of the PPP, its relation to other pathways of carbohydrate metabolism and an overview of the metabolic defects in the reversible part of the PPP.

Communicating editor: Gerard Berry
Competing interests: None declared
Prof. Dr. Cornelis Jakobs was supervisor of this PhD project and Dr. Eduard A. Struys was co-supervisor
References to electronic databases: Transaldolase: EC 2.2.1.2. Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase: EC 5.3.1.6. Xylitol dehydrogenase: EC 1.1.1.9. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase: EC 1.1.1.49. Transaldolase deficiency: OMIM #606003. Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency: OMIM #608611. Pentosuria: %260800. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency OMIM +305900. TALDO1: GenBank # NM_006755. RPIA: GenBank # NM_144563.