Original Paper

Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 21, Issue 14, pp 3523-3542

First online:

Mangrove conservation: a global perspective

  • S. SandilyanAffiliated withPG and Research Department of Wildlife Biology and Zoology, A. V. C. College Email author 
  • , K. KathiresanAffiliated withCentre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Annamalai University


Mangroves are of great ecological importance and socio-economic significance as a hub for tropical marine biotope. The mangroves are also one of the world’s richest storehouses of biological and genetic diversity. Furthermore, 90 % of the marine organisms spend part of their life in this ecosystem and 80 % of the global fish catches are dependent on mangroves. In addition, mangroves and their associated biota are identified as a promising source of natural and novel drugs. On the other hand, scientific community finds such an ecosystem as one among the world’s most threatened biome due to human intervention in the long past and on-going climate change. Already many countries lost their huge mangrove wealth within the last two decades. Further, decline of the mangrove cover may cause an irreparable damage of ecosystem service to mankind. Now it is high time to conserve the precious ecosystem in order to maintain a stable and healthy coastal environment.


Mangroves Aquaculture Conservation Medicinal values