Biological Invasions

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 501–507

Linking Temporal and Spatial Scales in the Study of an Argentine Ant Invasion


    • Department of Biological SciencesStanford University
  • Nathan J. Sanders
    • Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of Tennessee
  • Deborah M. Gordon
    • Department of Biological SciencesStanford University

DOI: 10.1007/s10530-005-6411-3

Cite this article as:
Heller, N.E., Sanders, N.J. & Gordon, D.M. Biol Invasions (2006) 8: 501. doi:10.1007/s10530-005-6411-3


Our long-term study of an invasion of Argentine ants (Linepithema humile) in a 481-ha biological preserve in Northern California links multiple spatial and temporal scales. We have investigated, at local spatial scales of tens of meters, how nests spread and contract seasonally and from year to year. Microsatellite analysis shows population genetic structure on the scale of about 100 m. At the landscape scale, we have surveyed the spread and impact of Argentine ants in the biological preserve since 1993, and have found high variability both seasonally and from year to year. Here, we describe how seasonal patterns in nesting behavior at the local scale help to explain how the location of the invasion edge changes. Thus, the growth and spread of nests on the scale of tens of meters, from season to season, produce the dynamics of the invasion from year to year at the scale of hundreds of meters.


colonyinvasion edgeinvasive speciesLinepithema humilelong-termnestspreadsupercolony
Download to read the full article text

Copyright information

© Springer 2006