Biology of the House Fly Predator Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) (Coleoptera: Histeridae) Article Received: 21 June 2004 Accepted: 14 March 2005 DOI:
Cite this article as: Achiano, K. & Giliomee, J. Biocontrol (2005) 50: 899. doi:10.1007/s10526-005-3632-4 Abstract
Two larval instars of
Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) were identified from a frequency distribution of the head capsule measurements. The total developmental time from egg to adult emergence averaged 20.5 ± 0.1 days at 30 °C. The 2nd instar was the longest, accounting for 39% of the total development time. The 1st instar larvae sustained the highest mortality of 26% whilst there was no mortality in the pupal stage. The immature stages sustained about 50% mortality before adult emergence. The adult females of C. pumilio can live for 140 days and the rate of survival was high in the young adults but decreased as the beetles aged. Newly emerged adults survived for 25.5 ± 0.4 days without feeding. The sex ratio was 0.48 females: 0.52 males. The intrinsic rate of natural increase ( r m) was 0.065, the generation time ( T) was 50.019 days and the net reproduction rate ( R o) was 20.191. Keywords biology Coleoptera life table predators prey deprivation References Anderson, J.R., Poorbaugh, J.H. 1964 Observation on the ethology and ecology of various Diptera associated with Northern California poultry ranches J. Med. Entomol. 1 131 147 Google Scholar Axtell, R.C. 1970 Integrated fly-control program for caged-poultry houses J. Econ. Entomol. 63 400 405 PubMed Google Scholar Axtell, R.C. 1985 Fly management in poultry production: cultural, biological and chemical Poultry Sci. 65 657 667 Google Scholar Axtell, R.C. 1990 Potential of biocontrol for livestock and poultry pests Rutz, D.A. Patterson, R.S. eds. Biocontrol of Arthropods Affecting Livestock and Poultry Westview Press San Francisco Google Scholar Conway, J.A. 1973 The micro-fauna of California-system poultry houses in Britain Brit. Poultry Sci. 14 213 216 Google Scholar Crowson, R.A. 1981The Biology of the Coleoptera Academic Press New York. Google Scholar Flecther, M.G., Axtell, R.C., Stinner, R.E., Wilhoit, L.R. 1991 Temperature-dependent development of immature Carcinops pumilio (Coleoptera: Histeridae), a predator of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) J. Entomol. Sci. 26 99 108 Google Scholar Geden, C.J. 1984Population dynamics, spatial distribution, dispersal behaviour and life history of the predaceous histerid, Carcinops pumilio (Erichson), with observations of other members of the poultry manure arthropod community University of Massachusettes Amherst. Google Scholar Geden, C.J., Stoffolano, J.G. 1987 Succession of manure arthropods at a poultry farm in Massachusetts, USA, with observations on Carcinops pumilio (Coleoptera: Histeridae) sex ratios, ovarian condition and body size J. Med. Entomol. 24 212 220 Google Scholar Geden, C.J., Stinner, R.E., Axtell, R.C. 1988 Predation by predators of the house fly in poultry manure: effects of predator density, feeding history, interspecific interference, and field conditions Env. Entomol. 17 320 329 Google Scholar Geden, C.J., Smith, L., Long, S.J., Rutz, D.A. 1992 Rapid deterioration of searching behaviour, host destruction and fecundity of the parasitoid Muscidifurax raptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromlidae) in culture Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 85 179 187 Google Scholar Hinton, H.E. 1945 The Histeridae associated with stored products Bull. Entomol. Res. 35 309 340 Google Scholar Hulley, P.E. 1983 A survey of the flies breeding in poultry manure, and their potential natural enemies J. Entomol. Soc. South. Afr. 46 38 47 Google Scholar Hulley, P.E. 1986 Factors affecting numbers of Musca domestica Linnaeus (Diptera: Muscidae) and some other flies breeding in poultry manure J. Entomol. Soc. South. Afr. 49 19 27 Google Scholar Hulley, P.E., Pfleiderer, M. 1988 The Coleoptera in poultry manure potential predators of the house fly, Musca domestica Linnaeus (Diptera: Muscidae) J. Entomol. Soc. South. Afr. 51 18 29 Google Scholar Morgan, P.B., Patterson, R.S., Weidhaas, D.E. 1983 A life-history study of Carcinops pumilio Erichson (Coleoptera: Histeridae) J. Georgia Entomol. Soc. 18 353 359 Google Scholar Pfeiffer, D.G., AxtellL, R.C. 1980 Coleoptera of poultry manure in caged-layer houses in North Carolina Environ. Entomol. 9 21 28 Google Scholar Poole, R.W. 1974An Introduction to Quantitative Ecology McGraw-Hill New York Google Scholar Price, P. W. 1984Insect Ecology2 John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York Google Scholar Price, P.W. 1997Insect Ecology3 John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York Google Scholar
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