Pleasantness of the Odor of Androstenone as a Function of Sexual Intercourse Experience in Women and Men
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Androstenone (5α-androst-16-en-3-one) and other androstenes, body odor components occurring in apocrine secretions, may play a role in human chemosignaling. We hypothesized that the odor of androstenone may gain hedonic value from sexual intercourse experiences via associative learning. Young adults (N = 397, 61.5% women, age 21–24 years, randomly sampled regarding sexual experience) rated the intensity and pleasantness of the odors of androstenone, cinnamon, chocolate, isovaleric acid, lemon, and turpentine. Among women who were able to perceive androstenone, the odor was rated as more pleasant (less unpleasant) by those who had had experienced sexual intercourse with at least one partner (n = 175) than by those who reported never having experienced intercourse (n = 12, p = .006). The difference was specific to women. The results suggest that, among women, sexual experience may modify the pleasantness of the odor of androstenone.
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- Pleasantness of the Odor of Androstenone as a Function of Sexual Intercourse Experience in Women and Men
Archives of Sexual Behavior
Volume 41, Issue 6 , pp 1403-1408
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- Associative learning
- Body odor
- Evaluative conditioning
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- Author Affiliations
- 1. Monell Chemical Senses Center, 3500 Market St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA
- 2. Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
- 3. Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
- 4. Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
- 5. Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Abuse Services, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
- 6. Institute for Molecular Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
- 7. Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland